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In Shmuel 1, 17:12, the sons of Yishai are listed. There is a discrepancy between this count (of 7) and the textual statements that Yishai had 8 sons. Some meforshim explain this as because the 8th, Elihu, was only a half brother. Rashi explains, though,

And he had eight sons. And that which is stated, 'Otzem, the sixth, Dovid the seventh,'(Chron 1, 2:15) and no more is stated. This may be reconciled that one died childless and therefore, he was not mentioned there.

How does Rashi draw this conclusion? Would a person's dying childless justify his name's not being recorded? Are there other instances where someone who died without children is omitted from a Torah listing?

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    It's hard to find examples of missing entries since we don't know about them. – Double AA Jan 9 at 12:26
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    Can you explain what including a childless person, who isn't famous for some other reason, adds to a geneology, that it should be mentioned? – Double AA Jan 9 at 12:32
  • @DoubleAA does Rashi use this as an explanation anywhere else? Is there any reason to think that any list of "the sons of son and so" has the subtext of "the sons of so and so who had children"? – rosends Jan 9 at 12:40
  • There is definitely a subtext, especially in Chronicles, that these people are important for history/the ancestry of the people who returned with Ezra – Double AA Jan 9 at 12:42
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    What makes things even stranger is that Rashi in Divrei HaYomim has an entirely different attribution why the 8th son -Elihu - is not mentioned. He states that once the author reached the purpose of the genealogical run-down as it were (i.e. identifying Dovid) he did a full stop (akin to the narrative break in Shemot stopping after running through the Levite heritage once arriving at Moshe and Aharon the current protagonists). – Shmuel Brown Jan 9 at 17:42

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