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Shmos 4 (30) says

וַיְדַבֵּ֣ר אַהֲרֹ֔ן אֵ֚ת כָּל־הַדְּבָרִ֔ים אֲשֶׁר־דִּבֶּ֥ר ה׳ אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֑ה וַיַּ֥עַשׂ הָאֹתֹ֖ת לְעֵינֵ֥י הָעָֽם׃

Aaron repeated all the words that the LORD had spoken to Moses, and he performed the signs in the sight of the people ..

which suggests that Aaron did the signs as indeed is proposed by

Ibn Ezra to 5(1) says

ואחר. אחר שעשה אהרן את האותות באו שניהם אל פרעה.

And after. After Aaron did the signs, the two of them came to Pharoah.

But the HaEmek Dovor to 4 (30) says

ויעש האתת וגו׳. כמו שאמר ה׳ ואת המטה הזה תקח בידך אשר תעשה בו את האתת. אפי׳ כשיהי׳ אהרן עמו:

And he did the signs etc. As Hashem said, and this staff you shall take in your hand with which you shall do the signs, even when Aaron was with him.

Sefaria offers a translation of the Chizkuni to 4 (30) which has Moshe doing the signs although I do not see Moshe mentioned in the original Hebrew.

ויעש האתת מהנחש ומידו ומהמים. ויעש האותות,

“Moses performed the three miracles;” the staff turning into a snake, his hand becoming smitten with the skin disease known as tzoraat, and turning water into blood.

Malbim to 4(30) says

וידבר אהרן. אהרן דבר אל ב"י וה' דבר אל משה כנ"ל פט"ו וכן עשיית האותות היו ע"י אהרן בצוויו של משה:

And Aaron spoke. Aaron spoke to the Jewish people and Hashem spoke to Moshe as stated above and the signs were done by Aaron at Moshe's command.

SUMMARY:

IBN EZRA Aaron

HAEMEK DOVOR Moshe

CHIZKUNI Moshe (?)

MALBIM Aaron

Are there other views? Is there a traditional accepted view?

related: Did Moshe need to do all 3 signs for the Jewish people and if so why?

  • I see Aharon in the passuk, yes, but given that Hashem said Moshe should do it, I’m not sure how anyone could argue differently. Oh, and Moshe is in the passuk: אשר דבר ה׳ אל משה ויעש וגו׳ – DonielF Jan 2 at 15:01

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