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While Kohen Gadol is a citizen, he belongs to a different "authority" that a King is obligated to respect (see Rambam Melachim 2, 5):

"אבל כהן גדול אינו בא לפני המלך אלא אם רצה ואינו עומד לפניו
אלא המלך עומד לפני כהן גדול שנאמר ולפני אלעזר הכהן יעמוד"

While we read that factually Saul killed the city of Nov (thnks Joel) but can a King Halachicly execute Kohen Gadol that he thinks is מורד במלכות?

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    sefaria.org.il/I_Kings.2.26?lang=he – Joel K Dec 30 '18 at 18:59
  • Also Joash killing Jehoiada's son Zechariah in 2 Chronicles 24. Probably not the best idea since retribution came fast to Joash. – Gary Dec 30 '18 at 22:49
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    Re: the king's obligation to respect the Kohen Gadol in the Mishneh Torah: Later on it says (in translation): "When does the above apply? When the king is alone in his palace. Then, in private, before his servants, he should behave in this fashion. However, in public, before the people at large, he should not conduct himself in this manner. He should not stand before anyone ... in order that the awe of him will be implanted in everyone's hearts." – Tamir Evan Dec 31 '18 at 12:55
  • Related (on the subject of Saul killing the city of Nov): How was Saul a Tzadik if he wiped out Nov? – Tamir Evan Dec 31 '18 at 13:00

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