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The Mishna Berura (90:28) writes that many think the mitzva of a minyan is to hear kadish/kedusha/barchu, whereas in fact it is to daven the amida with the minyan:

ועיקר תפלה בצבור הוא תפלת י"ח דהיינו שיתפללו עשרה אנשים שהם גדולים ביחד ולא כמו שחושבין ההמון שעיקר להתפלל בעשרה הוא רק לשמוע קדיש וקדושה וברכו ולכן אינם מקפידין רק שיהיו י' בבהכ"נ וזהו טעות ולכן חוב על האדם למהר לבוא לבהכ"נ כדי שיגיע להתפלל י"ח בצבור

I always took this to mean that it is the opposite of what the people think, and that the tfilot said only in a minyan are not a mitzva at all, just part of the prayers that are said with a minyan. (And especially kaddish need not be said at all unless there is an indiviual with an obligation.) Is this true? In practice, is there any mitzva to stay in shul and answer kaddish, once I have davened the amida with a minyan?

  • According to the Gemara the halachic status is permission, but rabenu Yona on brachot says that from the permission appears again the mitsva – kouty Dec 19 '18 at 16:13

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