What is the meaning of "k'neged kullam"? The Talmud says:

"אֵלּוּ דְבָרִים שֶׁאָדָם אוֹכֵל פֵּרוֹתֵיהֶן בָּעוֹלָם הַזֶּה וְהַקֶּרֶן קַיֶּמֶת לוֹ לָעוֹלָם הַבָּא. כִּבּוּד אָב וָאֵם, וּגְמִילוּת חֲסָדִים, וַהֲבָאַת שָׁלוֹם בֵּין אָדָם לַחֲבֵרוֹ, וְתַלְמוּד תּוֹרָה כְּנֶגֶד כֻּלָּם: "

These are the things for which a person enjoys the fruits in this world, while the principal remains intact for him in the world to come: honoring one's father and mother, acts of loving kindness, and bringing peace between people. And the study of Torah "k’neged kulam". [Peah 1:1]

[These are the things] for which ["interest"] punishment is exacted in this world, while the principal punishment remains intact for him in the World to Come: Idolatry, sexual immorality, and murder. And Lashon Hara' (malicious gossip) "k’neged kulam". [Peah 8a]

Literally, does it mean: (1) is equal to them all put together, or (2) is equal to each of them taken separately?

Figuratively, what does it mean?

  • See this blog post by R' Slifkin and the antecedent posts linked there. – Isaac Moses Nov 27 '18 at 17:14
  • It means one should learn Torah and not speak L"H. Isn't it clear? – Al Berko Nov 27 '18 at 17:52
  1. Talmud Torah leads to [observing of] all of the above and therefore "equals" to them all. Also (Kabbalistically) all Mitzvos can be "equally" performed by studying them in Torah (בשורש).

  2. Similarly, Lashon Harah [can] leads to bigger and more severe transgressions because of those who say L"H pay no attention to the assault and offense of others.

I doubt the explanation of equalling the reward/punishment as seemingly for rewards we hold that "לפום צערא אגרא" and for punishments see Rambam's Hilchot Teshuva.

  • שערי תשובה בתחילתו "וביטול תלמוד תורה כנגד כולם" – kouty Nov 27 '18 at 17:49
  • @kouty וכל הכועס כאילו עע"ז... – Al Berko Nov 27 '18 at 17:51
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    ???????????????? – kouty Nov 27 '18 at 17:51
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    @kouty Don't try to save words, you can be easily misunderstood – Al Berko Nov 27 '18 at 17:53

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