I'm looking for examples the Sages prescribe for educating for keeping Mitzvos (חינוך למצוות), for example:

  • "קָטָן הַיּוֹדֵעַ לְנַעְנֵעַ, חַיָּב בַּלּוּלָב:" Mishnah Succah 3,15

  • "מִשָּׁעָה שֶׁהַבֵּן יוֹדֵעַ לְדַבֵּר, לַמְּדֵהוּ "תּוֹרָה צִוָּה לָנוּ מֹשֶׁה"

On what additional Mitzvos do we have explicit Rabbinical (pre-Rishonim) sources to educate our kids to? Like is there a way to get them used to Yom Kippur or Teffilah or Matzah or Honoring parents etc.

  • Isn't the better question what don't we need to educate kids about? – Double AA Oct 24 '18 at 14:23
  • @DoubleAA I'm more into practical examples, like "to educate to Mitzvah A when a kid is/does X you make him Y" – Al Berko Oct 24 '18 at 14:29
  • Where is your second example from? – Double AA Oct 24 '18 at 14:30
  • 2
    Is it not the Gemara to the mishna in sukkah you reference along with a dozen other examples? This is why it's good to source your material. You basically already had the source you wanted if you just checked before posting. – Double AA Oct 24 '18 at 14:33
  • 1
    Check again. They are mostly examples of prescriptions for educating for keeping the Mitzvos: Lulav, Tzitzis, Tefillin, Torah, Shema. Also, depending on how you learn the sugya, maybe eating Korban Pesach. – IsraelReader Oct 24 '18 at 21:37

Most importantly:

דברים לא יב

הַקְהֵל אֶת-הָעָם, הָאֲנָשִׁים וְהַנָּשִׁים וְהַטַּף וְגֵרְךָ אֲשֶׁר בִּשְׁעָרֶיךָ, לְמַעַן יִשְׁמְעוּ וּלְמַעַן יִלְמְדוּ וְיָרְאוּ אֶת-ה' אֱלֹהֵיכֶם וְשָׁמְרוּ לַעֲשׂוֹת אֶת-כָּל-דִּבְרֵי הַתּוֹרָה הַזֹּאת.

Devarim 31 12

Gather the people—men, women, children, and the strangers in your communities—that they may hear and so learn to revere the LORD your God and to observe faithfully every word of this Teaching.

From @chortkov2 comment:

ערכין ב ב

קטן שאינו צריך לאמו חייב בסוכה ... קטן היודע לנענע חייב בלולב ...קטן היודע להתעטף חייב בציצית ... קטן היודע לשמור תפלין אביו לוקח לו תפלין

הגמרא בסוכה מב ב מוסיפה

יכול לאכול כזית צלי שוחטין עליו את הפסח

Erchin 2b

A minor that does not need his mother obligated in Suka... a minor that can shake a Lulav obligated to shake Lulav... a minor that can wear Tzizt obligated in Tzizit... a minor that know to keep Tefiilin , his father takes Teffilin for him.

The Gemara in Suka 42b Adds:

If he can eat olive-volume food - he participates in Peash sacrifice.

כתובות נ א

בר שית קביל וספי ליה כתורא

A six years old - take him in (for Tora learning) and "feed" him like a bull.

Closely related:

משנה נדה ה ו

בת אחת עשרה שנה ויום אחד, נדריה נבדקין... בן שתים עשרה שנה ויום אחד, נדריו נבדקים

Mishna Nida p5 5

Eleven year old girl, her vows are checked... Twelve year old boy, his vows are checked.

| improve this answer | |

I think your examples suggest the principle and all mitzvot are are really under the same principle - if your child can understand the point, then he needs to be educated.

The exceptions prove the rule - children are exempt from Fast days (Shulchan Aruch O.Ch. 616:2 Mish. Berurah. 9). Every opportunity is a learning experience - when the child is ready. Every mitzvah in the Torah has the same principle. Of course, you should give your child Matzah to eat on Pesach, even if he doesn't fully understand it, because it will inculcate the experience that the next time, it will be part of him until he is ready to understand and appreciate it. Some mitzvot, you think he would be ready (say fasting at 12 years old) we don't allow that because he may think he is ready, but in reality, we don't make exceptions).

If you're looking for 613 statements from Chazal outlining when each mitzvah is relevant to children, you're not going to get it. Chazal give principles on which you have to draw the conclusion that every mitzvah that falls into that category - when a child is able to perform the mitzvah properly according to his level of understanding then we should encourage that and give him all the necessary tools and steps to help him perform it correctly. Which means purchasing a kosher Lulav and Esrog, teaching Berachos etc. This is the understanding of the Mishnah in Sukkah.

| improve this answer | |

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .