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Considering that people are rushing to work (It's not just a current concern; This was a concern alluded in the Gemarah in several places, which became part of the concept of torach tzibbur), why was Shacharit made the longest of the 3 daily prayers?

O.C., among other sources mentions the importance of kavana during prayers. Proper kavana usually means extra time to concentrate on the meaning of the words and make them more meaningful. In actuality, many Shacharit minyanim are rushed so that people can get to their trains, buses, etc. and arrive at work on time. One could, perhaps, argue that if Shacharit were shorter, it may not need to be as rushed. Or, perhaps, Ma'ariv should have been made the longest prayer when people are not rushing to work.

Note: - I've mention my reasoning as to why I think it shouldn't be. However, your answer need not focus on this reason. There was prob. some impetus to making Shacharit the longest of the 3, regardless.

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    It all depends on how much time you allow for it. In our shul, the first minyan is the slowest. – Avrohom Yitzchok Sep 4 '18 at 15:53
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    During the time of minchah you work, during the time of maariv you risk falling asleep. There's always an excuse. – Kazi bácsi Sep 4 '18 at 15:54
  • @Kazibácsi A somewhat valid comment. But, there's a difference between an "excuse" and a "good reason". I absolutely concur re Mincha and that's most likely why it was made extremely short. – DanF Sep 4 '18 at 15:55
  • @DanF Berakhot starts with my latter point! – Kazi bácsi Sep 4 '18 at 15:57
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    It's not that much longer. Shacharit and Mincha both have repetitions and Tachanun. Shacharit and Maariv both have Shema services. Those are based in external considerations so to speak. That's about it. Berakhot can (should?) be said at home. Most everything else is 'just' customary. – Double AA Sep 4 '18 at 16:05

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