I’ve a question about Shemot 14:19 in which the malach ha’elohiem (מלאך האלהים) is mentioned.
This verse explicitly says that this messenger who went before the camp, removed and went behind them and that the pillar of cloud removed from before them, and stood behind them; although it’s mentioned in Shemot 13:21 it was HaShem who went in a pillar of cloud,
In another situation (Shemot 3:2) we read about the מלאך יהוה (malach HaShem) who appeared to Moshe in a flame of fire; although Elohim called from the bush (Shemot 3:4).
So here are my questions: 1. Are malach haElohim and malach HaShem interchangeable terms for one and the same messenger? 2. How should one understand these appearances, literally, methaphorically or as distinct from the malachim themselves?
P.s: related to; How to define the Malach YHVH