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According to the Gemmorah sources:

  1. Women have much less positive Mitzvot than men, as they are freed from most of the time-related Mitzvot (Mishna Kiddushin 1:7).

  2. Women have more body parts than men, 251-253 vs 248 (see "Is-the-male-skeleton-different-from-female"

  3. Positive Mitzvot are linked to body parts:

Makot 23b: "דרש רבי שמלאי: שש מאות ושלש עשרה מצות נאמרו לו למשה, שלש מאות וששים וחמש לאוין כמנין ימות החמה, ומאתים וארבעים ושמונה עשה כנגד איבריו של אדם"

" Rabbi Simlai taught: There were 613 mitzvot stated to Moses in the Torah, consisting of 365 prohibitions corresponding to the number of days in the solar year, and 248 positive mitzvot corresponding to the number of a person’s limbs"

How come women have more body parts and fewer Mitzvot?

  • I personally suspect the number of Mitzvot and body parts is "accidentally" [and artificially made] the same but there's no "causality" between them. – Al Berko Aug 28 '18 at 18:36
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    Just because one thing corresponds doesn't mean all have to. Especially if we're talking about midrash – user15253 Aug 28 '18 at 20:03
  • @Orangesandlemons It doesn't only "correspond" it clearly contradicts. – Al Berko Aug 28 '18 at 20:10
  • @AlBerko The relationship is not "accidental". It relates to the principle of resurrection. Each positive commandment corresponds to a specific bone that receives its reward for fulfilling the act of its particular commandment by being resurrected. And ultimately, this principle of faith (resurrection) is a derivative of the commandment to build the Temple in its place. – Yaacov Deane Aug 28 '18 at 20:16
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    @YaacovDeane OK, and how this explains the woman's part? – Al Berko Aug 28 '18 at 20:21

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