According to Judaism, non-Jews can only be regarded as righteous if they follow the seven Noachide laws:
- Not to worship idols.
- Not to curse God.
- To establish courts of justice.
- Not to commit murder.
- Not to commit adultery or sexual immorality.
- Not to steal.
- Not to eat flesh torn from a living animal
To most Jewish scholars, Islam is such a religion which abides by the Noachide rules strictly and is not considered Avodah Zara (idolatry).
On the other hand, Jews have regarded Hinduism traditionally Avodah Zara, beginning from the great Jewish philosopher, Maimonides. However, even though most Hindus indulge in the practice of "murti-puja" which is basically idolatry, there are some Hindus who are staunchly against idol-worship, such as the Arya Samaj organisation. This is what the founder of the Arya Samaj organisation, Swami Dayananda Saraswati, says about idolatry in Pg 242 of his "The Light of Truth":
Being All-pervading He cannot be imagined to exist in any particular object only. To hold to the contrary would be tantamount to believing that the sovereign Lord of the earth rules over a small cottage to the exclusion of His whole Empire and would be an insult to Him. In like manner, it is a blasphemy against God to imagine Him as existing in one particular object only.
If you believe Him to Omnipresent, why do you pluck flowers fro the garden and offer them to the idol, make a thin paste of Sandal wood and apply this to it, burn incense, beat drums and cymbals, and blow trumpets before it? He pervades your hands, why do you then stand before it with folded palms? He is in your head, why should you then prostrate yourself before the image? He is in food and drinks, why should you then offer them to it? He is in water, why, should you the bathe it? God pervades all these things. What do you worship, the pervader or the pervaded? If the former, why do you then offer flowers, etc., to images made of stone or wood? If the latter, why do you then lay a false claim to the worship of God? Why don't you say that you worship stalks and stones etc., which is the bare truth?
The Arya Samaj, instead believes God to be formless in the infallibility of the Vedas, one of the principle key texts of Hinduism and puts emphasis on chanting of the mantras inside it and the rituals prescribed in text. The rituals mainly comprise of offerings to the holy fire.
So can Jews consider Hindus belonging to the Arya Samaj as righteous since they condemn idolatry?