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Since Abraham, the original Oral Torah allegedly consisted of the currently known 6 Sdarim (although the number of Masechtot was much bigger, up to 6000?).

The Mishnah and naturally the Talmud are also arranged by the Sdarim. The interpreters of the Talmud also followed that order and wrote their notes alongside the Talmud.

Who was the first to write a stand-alone Halachic compendium (not a שו"ת) that did not follow the Mishnaic order (Berachot, Moed etc), "inventing" an order of its own (or was it Rambam's היד החזקה)?

NB: As I've checked, it seems that the books הלכות פסוקות and הלכות גדולות both follow the Mishnaic order (by the Seder of the Talmud).

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    Prob. ‘Halachot Pesukot’ by Yehudai Gaon. – Oliver Aug 9 '18 at 6:54
  • By write I assume you mean publish - as in for publish consumption. – Danny Schoemann Aug 9 '18 at 8:06
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    How about the Torah? – Heshy Aug 9 '18 at 10:58
  • @AlBerko If your assertion is based on the linked Wiki. article you should know it is not accurate. From my recollection of the fragments preserved, as discussed by various scholars of the Gaonim, I believe it follows halachic topics found in the talmudic sedarim but I do not think the compendium was akin to the Rif. Do you have alternative sources? – Oliver Aug 9 '18 at 11:22
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    Sheiltot of Achai Gaon? – Double AA Aug 9 '18 at 11:31
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Sheiltos Derav Achai Gaon is a commentary on many Halachic issues and follows the order of the Parsha in the Torah written in the 9th century.

Sefer Hamitzvos of Rav Saadia Gaon was also written in the 9th century following the order of Mitzvos in the Torah.

Also Siddur deRav Amram Gaon from aroud the same time follows the Tefilla and gives Halachic rulings.

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