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According to page 48 of the Kinot by Rabbi Abraham Rosenfeld, one does not say the bracha of "Oteir Yisrae'sl B'Tifarah" in shacharit of Tisha B'av. Instead, one says it at the beginning of mincha (on page 188).

His citation is to the Mishna Berurah on the Shulchan Aruch, 25:3, because the M"B cites the practice of touching the tefillin at that bracha

ראיתי מדקדקים למשמש בתש"י וש"ר בשעה שמברך ברכה זו

Other mefarshim cite the Tur that the tefillin are called "pe'er" - but none of the commentaries there actually says that one should not recite this blessing on Tisha B'Av when there is a practice for many not to wear tefillin in the morning. That seems to be a conclusion that only Rosenfeld draws.

Two questions -- one, is there any direct corroboration for Rosenfeld's statement that one should not say the bracha in shacharit?

Two, would that mean Rosenfeld would delete the bracha on all days when we don't wear tefillin at all?

  • What do you mean by direct corroboration? the fact that the Yekkes do as Rosenfeld suggests, does that qualify? (As my 100 year old Kinoth book instructs.) – Danny Schoemann Jul 30 '18 at 13:05
  • @DannySchoemann but is there a source which Rosenfeld is relying on (or that they rely on)? For all I know, they are following Rosenfeld. – rosends Jul 30 '18 at 13:06
  • LOL - My Kinoth book was used by my great-grandfather (1859-1926) who died before Rabbi Abraham Rosenfeld (1914–1980s?) became Bar Mitzva! (source: jewishvirtuallibrary.org/rosenfeld-abraham-isaac-jacob) – Danny Schoemann Jul 30 '18 at 13:29
  • How is this different from any other day of the year when Tefillin are worn and the blessing is delayed until wearing the head Tefillin? – Double AA Jul 31 '18 at 0:16
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You asked two questions:

Two questions -- one, is there any direct corroboration for Rosenfeld's statement that one should not say the bracha in shacharit?

The Yekkish Minhag is to do as Rabbi Abraham Rosenfeld writes, and is how our Kinoth books instruct us to behave, dating back over 100 years ago. (As can be seen in this Kinoth book from 1945)

Our Avodath Yisroel Sidur, edited by Rabbi Yizhak ben Arie Yosef Dov (Seligman Baer) in 1868 also records this Minhag, bringing no source.

Two, would that mean Rosenfeld would delete the bracha on all days when we don't wear tefillin at all?

No. He can't mean that since saying this Bracha belongs to covering one's head, as we learn in Brachot 60b, כי פריס סודרא על רישיה לימא ברוך עוטר ישראל בתפארה - when you cover your head you say this Bracha.

This is codified by the Rambam (ספר אהבה-הלכות תפילה וברכת כהנים - in 7:8) - כְּשֶׁמַּנִּיחַ סְדִינוֹ עַל רֹאשׁוֹ מְבָרֵךְ בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְיָ' אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם עוֹטֵר יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּתִפְאָרָה.

And then ratified by the Shulchan aruch - Orach Chaim 46:10 - כְּשֶׁמֵּשִׂים כּוֹבַע אוֹ מִצְנֶפֶת בְּרֹאשׁוֹ, יְבָרֵךְ עוֹטֵר יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּתִפְאָרָה.

This, despite the fact that in 25:3 he mentions that - as Rabbi Abraham Rosenfeld taught you - הָרֹא''שׁ הָיָה מְסַדֵּר הַבְּרָכוֹת עַד עוֹטֵר יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּתִפְאָרָה, וְאָז הָיָה מֵנִיחַ תְּפִלִּין וּמְבָרֵךְ עוֹטֵר יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּתִפְאָרָה - that the Rosh would put on Tefillin right before saying this Bracha.

But obviously only on weekdays. Otherwise the Shulchan Aruch would have mentioned your suggestion.

Conclusion: This Bracha also refers to Tefillin. To highlight the fact that we don't put on Tefillin on Tisha B'Av because of the mourning (as we already discussed elsewhere) some have the custom to also omit the related Bracha.

(BTW: The Kitzur Shulchan Aruch in 59:8 says - יֵשׁ אוֹמְרִים דְּהַקּוֹנֶה כּוֹבַע, כְּשֶׁמְּשִׂימוֹ בְּרֹאשׁוֹ יְבָרֵךְ עוֹטֵר יִשְֹרָאֵל בְּתִפְאָרָה - that some have to custom to say this Bracha when buying a new hat.)

  • But doesn't this just beg the question? 1. If the bracha is also for covering the head, and we DO that on Tisha B'Av why wouldn't we say the bracha. Just because we don't wear tefillin doesn't exempt us from recognizing the fact that we cover our heads. 2. the 1945 Kinot records a practice but still provides no source. – rosends Jul 30 '18 at 13:40
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    @rosends - we do say the bracha, just not during Shacharith when we are mourning that our תִפְאָרָה - our glorious Temple - was destroyed. true, no source, yet. Maybe Homburger in Shorshai Minhag Ashkenaz has a source. – Danny Schoemann Jul 30 '18 at 13:45
  • @Danny ואין משמיטים עוטר ישראל בתפארה בתשעה באב. on p. 8 – Kazi bácsi Jul 30 '18 at 14:03
  • @Kazibácsi - that's the classic Siddur version based on the Vilna Gaon's Minhag. We're discussing the yekkish minhag, which predates that. – Danny Schoemann Jul 30 '18 at 14:20
  • Is R' Wiesenthal not Yekke enough for you? :-) – Kazi bácsi Jul 30 '18 at 16:45

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