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Tishah B’Av is called a “Moed” (Eichah 1:15). For this reason, we don’t say Tachanun at Mincha of Erev Tishah B’Av (OC 552:12) or Tishah B’Av itself (OC 559:4), nor Tzidkasecha on Shabbos Erev Tishah B’Av (Rema 552:12., Shulchan Aruch OC 559:1).

What is the logic behind this? How can it be that the saddest day on the calendar is also a quasi-holiday?

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    How is not a holiday? It's marked on the calendar. It has special observances. Wikipedia lists it in Jewish Holidays. Sounds like a holiday. Anyway, does Moed mean exactly the same thing as the English word holiday? – Double AA Jul 22 '18 at 3:34
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R. Yitzchok Adlerstein, based on the writings of the Nesivos Sholom, discusses this in an article here.

Some key excerpts:

The Torah calls us banim, children of Hashem. Fatherly love comes in different forms. The most obvious is the love shared at close range. Separate the father from the son, and the love is now compounded by yearning, by the gnawing pain of distance. If we push further yet, we can detect another variety of love, still stronger than the others. Imagine a child deathly ill, desperately in need of surgery. The father is a surgeon, and only he can save the child. The child pierces his heart with his cries. When he places the blade of the scalpel against the tender skin of the child, the parent might as well be cutting into his own flesh. The love that the father feels at that moment is the strongest of all the contradictory and tempestuous emotions. Seeing the child in dire peril, realizing its utter helplessness, save for the intervention of the father – these produce a love beyond any other situation.

This is Tisha B’Av, and this is why it is a “holiday” like no other. The love of HKBH for Klal Yisrael is without condition and without bounds. In our moment of greatest weakness, and greatest vulnerability, the compassion of our Father is moved as on no other day. He displayed this love through the paradoxical embrace of the cheruvim, signifying the closeness between Hashem and Klal Yisrael at a time we might have expected Him to emphasize separation and distance.

[C]onsider what transpired at the time of the churban. Jews became aware that enemy soldiers were not only on Har Habayis, but had entered the Kodesh Kodoshim. Ordinarily, only the Kohen Gadol would enter, and only on Yom Kippur after elaborate preparation, and as part of a complex avodah. Yet now the enemy impudently entered and defiled it, mocking the Temple, its people and its G-d.

No greater insult to national pride could be contemplated. Their personal despair was now compounded by national disgrace and degradation. All who understood what had happened were tortured, broken souls. Those souls still longed for Hashem, wanted desperately to feel close again, even though – or because – they sensed that they had fallen into a spiritual pit.

Hashem cherishes the soul that is broken and turns to Him. He reacted to a nation of broken souls by displaying the cheruvim locked in embrace, as if at time of great closeness. And indeed it was. Klal Yisrael’s yearning for Him when He appeared distant led to His reasserting His commitment to them. This is the stuff a moed is made of – a time of special encounter and discovery. Tisha B’Av was indeed a holiday.

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Because it will be. “Thus says the Lord of hosts: ‘The fast of the fourth month, The fast of the fifth, The fast of the seventh, And the fast of the tenth, Shall be joy and gladness and cheerful feasts For the house of Judah. Therefore love truth and peace.' " Zechariah 8:19

  • So what about the other fasts? We say Tachanun on those. – DonielF Jul 22 '18 at 11:40
  • @DonielF judaism.stackexchange.com/questions/ask – msh210 Jul 22 '18 at 12:17
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    Epicentre, any source for saying this verse you cite applies to not saying tachanun, etc.? or is that your own idea? – msh210 Jul 22 '18 at 12:18
  • That's talking about the future not now – Double AA Jul 22 '18 at 12:54
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    @Epicentre You may wish to consider editing this source from Aruch HaShulchan into your answer. I think it would improve it considerably. – Joel K Aug 21 '18 at 9:25

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