Can someone please give me a clear source as to whether or not a goy (gentile), and/or an animal have ALL OF THESE FIVE Nefesh-Ruach-Neshama-Chaya-Yechida. (More specifically looking for sources about the last two).

RELATED: What are the five level of Neshama according to the Zohar

AND: Do gentiles have neshamot?

[PLEASE DON"T "DUPE" - I did not get clarity from either of the two]


If someone could show me exactly where in the source the answer to my question is stated I would be more than happy to check the original source myself. Saying "so-and-so discusses it" or even "so and so says that..." is not what I want. I want to be shown the words that say so.

  • You will not get any clarity as long as in Judaism, if you noticed, NO TERM is defined. The best way of understanding those terms is their practical implementation in Halachah (which is practically non-existent), for example "if you have Neshomah you can do X, but if you only have Nefesh you can do Y".Therefore your question is doomed and is a dupe of the ones you cite. – Al Berko Jul 11 '18 at 15:06
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    Possible duplicate of Do gentiles have neshamot? – Al Berko Jul 11 '18 at 15:06
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    If you couldn't find a proper answer, you should offer a bounty to encourage people to give a better quality answer to those questions. The first seems to be a closer match to me. – Kazi bácsi Jul 11 '18 at 15:31
  • Another problem is that unfortunately (all of) those terms (Nefesh, Ruach, Neshama) are used interchangeably EVERYWHERE - from the Torah, thru the Na"CH, Mishna, Talmud and all the Poskim. Therefore nobody who uses those terms can be truly trusted UNLESS he compares ALL of them. This IS a general problem with Judaism, but it needs a question on its own. – Al Berko Jul 11 '18 at 15:36
  • Probably not, but as long as they are not defined it is meaningless. I personally, like to ask מה נ"מ? What's נ"מ for you? – Al Berko Jul 11 '18 at 15:50

There is a pretty serious machlochet on this matter. Rabbi Hanan Balk provides a good treatment of the different answers arrived at by different sources here:

Audio version:


PDF: https://www.google.com.pe/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=http://www.hakirah.org/Vol%252016%2520Balk.pdf&ved=2ahUKEwje0ZLOyZfcAhUkp1kKHStWCJoQFjAAegQIARAB&usg=AOvVaw2F0T6qAJZCCwTTJ6m6MHHU

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  • Can you please be more specific? Please point out where in the article is this specific point addressed. (whether a goy (gentile), and/or an animal have ALL of these - Nefesh-Ruach-Neshama-Chaya-Yechida). – RibbisRabbiAndMore Jul 11 '18 at 17:36
  • How does this answer differ from this answer to one of the linked questions? If it answers the question, this should be closed as a dupe. If not, it's a non-answer. (besides for being a link-only answer) – Ploni Jul 11 '18 at 17:38
  • The rabbi cites sources ranging from "a goy and an animal have only a neshama" to "goys have the same souls as Jews". It's a complex matter, if it's of interest to you I would encourage you to read the article. – Josh K Jul 11 '18 at 17:40
  • The answer is, basically, "there is no answer", @Ploni – Josh K Jul 11 '18 at 17:42

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