Do woman/non-Jews get a reward for not doing things they are permitted to do, and men / Jews are forbidden to do?

I know that if someone does a mitzvah they are not commanded doing, they get a reward.
Does this also apply by not doing avairos (sins)?

For example for a woman not to shave her payos, (and if applicable her beard)?
Or for a wife or (in certain cases) daughter of a kohen not to become tomai (impure).

Or for a non-Jew not to have relations with his daughter

Or a non-cohen not to become tomai

  • Source that not obligated in these avairos sefaria.org/… – hazoriz Jun 26 '18 at 12:31
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    @RibbisRabbiAndMore Why can't you say such a lomdus in all the examples? – Alex Jun 27 '18 at 18:05
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    @RibbisRabbiAndMore So who told you that in the tamei case it's the who that is assur but in all the others it's the what that is assur? – Alex Jun 27 '18 at 18:48
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    @RibbisRabbiAndMore see Guide 3:47 where it is explained that the prohibition on kohanim becoming tamei is because kohanim need to be able to enter the Temple. – Alex Jun 27 '18 at 19:49

Rabeinu yonah in Shaarei Teshuvah 3:9 writes:

אמרו רבותינו זכרונם לברכה ישב ולא עבר עבירה נותנין לו שכר כעושה מצוה כגון שבא דבר עבירה לידו וניצול ממנו... גם השכר הזה עקרו ויסודו מצות עשה שכבש יצרו ביראת אלהים

Our sages said "If someone sits and does not commit an aveira he is rewarded as in doing a mitzvah". This is when the situation of aveira comes to him and he saves himself from doing it. This reward is based and founded in the fact that he conquered his evil inclination due to the fear of Hashem...

Rashi on the Gemara Kedushin 39b also explains it to mean:

ישב ולא עבר עבירה דקאמר נוטל עליה שכר בעבירה שבא לידו וכפה יצרו ולא עבר

He is rewarded for an aveira which came to him and he conquered his yetzer [harah] and did not transgress.

We see from this that reward for refraining from an aveira is only when there is a conquering of the Yetzer Harah (evil inclination).

Therefore, when someone refrains from doing an act which he / she is not forbidden to do, This concept of overcoming the yetzer harah does not exist, and thus there is no reward.

  • +1 does eveyone agree with this Rabeinu Yonah? – hazoriz Jun 27 '18 at 19:45
  • @hazoriz I dont know of anyone who doesn't. – RibbisRabbiAndMore Jun 27 '18 at 19:46
  • @hazoriz Rashi does too (edited). – RibbisRabbiAndMore Jun 27 '18 at 19:53
  • nice logic but i feel you might be wrong – hazoriz Jun 27 '18 at 21:14
  • Your first link doesn't work. – Alex Jun 27 '18 at 21:16

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