Two questions:

  1. According to Jewish philosophy which is more important in Judaism, keeping Shabbos, or treating others decently?
  2. According to Jewish practical law, which is more important?
  • 5
    How do you define more important
    – Double AA
    Jun 24, 2018 at 20:29
  • 1
    what is treating others decently? not stealing?
    – ray
    Jun 24, 2018 at 20:35
  • @doubleAA@ray Anything that can be considered "bein Adam lechaveiro". Jun 24, 2018 at 21:09
  • 1
    I can't write for the life of me but for a source see Mishnah Torah hilchos rotzaich 4:7-8 for some thoughts. Also if someone is bothered by your keeping shabbos maybe they need to attend a diversity course...
    – mroll
    Jun 24, 2018 at 22:35
  • 2
    @Don if that's why what you want to know then why didn't you just ask it above? No one forced you to write something you don't want. Just ask what you want to know. Beating around the bush with ambiguous terminology and unclear background doesn't help anyone address your concerns. You should edit to clarify asap
    – Double AA
    Jun 24, 2018 at 22:57

3 Answers 3


See the commentary of the רא"ש - Rosh, on Mishna Peah 1:1 -פאה פרק א' משנה א' .

כי הקדוש ברוך הוא חפץ יותר במצות שיעשה בהם גם רצון הבריות מבמצות שבין אדם לקונו:

Hashem prefers those mitzvos which also accomplish the will of people, more than the mitzvos between man and his Creator.

  • the world "also" implies has both types together. not that between man and man is better than between man and Gd
    – ray
    Jun 25, 2018 at 21:15
  • @ray Your noting of the word "also" is correct. But your deduction is incorrect. Since ALL Mitzvos which are between man and man are always ALSO between man and Gd , since they are Gd's will. Jun 26, 2018 at 8:18
  • You have a strange habit of finding one source that proves the point and completely ignoring all others. I wonder why people like it, as it is completely off the Halacha?
    – Al Berko
    Jul 15, 2018 at 13:48
  • @AlBerko 1- I dont ignore others. If I would know of others I would quote them. 2- In this subject all the others only bring ideas, and possible deductions,, not clear sources. I was the only one who brought a source which clearly gives an answer to this specific questions. Jul 16, 2018 at 18:42

None of the בין אדם לחבירו overrides Shabbos. There are a couple of reasons:

  1. Mitzvot are ordered hierarchically according to their punishments. There's no way of transgressing Shabbos with the capital/corporal punishment for a באל"ח Mitzvah that is either ממונות with no punishment but repay or general Mitzvah of Chesed that can be forgiven (the reason we don't say blessings on those Mitzvos).

  2. The Gemmorah in Kiddushin 30 is clear about preferring Shabbos over כיבוד אב based on the Pasuk "איש אביו ואמו תיראו ושבתותי תשמרו אני ה'". The reasoning is simple - since both of you have to respect Shabbos there's no way of performing a באל"ח by transgressing Shabbos. Please note that כיבוד אב is thought to be a very important Mitzvah comparable with honoring Hashem.

  3. Shabbos is called ברית ("את בריתי תשמורו"). Keeping Shabbos is a way of testifying that Hashem created the world etc... None of the באל"ח Mitzvos is called ברית.

  4. Shabbos has both Do and Don't parts, where most of the באל"ח are only Dos and we have the rule (Rosh Hashana 32) Do's don't override Dos with Don'ts. THere's a long dispute there to understand why Shabbos is so serious.

Clarification: as with כיבוד אב, there's no clear-cut between those two types as ALL of the באל"ח include באל"מ, also all life-threatening Mitzvos (murder or life-saving) are more באל"מ as a man is created to resemble Hashem's. So those two do override Shabbos.

  • 1
    Is לא תעמוד על דם רעך not a Bein Adam Lechavero?
    – Double AA
    Jul 15, 2018 at 14:18
  • 1
    @DoubleAA Simply - one cannot forgive on that, just like murder, as I stated in clarifications - that makes it באל"מ! If one begs you to kill him and promises he will forgive - can you kill him? THerefor it is not באל"ח. The very definition is that one can forgive, be it ממונות or חסד or אבידה which is also ממונות etc.
    – Al Berko
    Jul 15, 2018 at 14:21

That's really a tough question. On the one hand a person is defined in their religiosity by whether they keep shabbos or not but on the other hand both are mitzvos and pirke avos tells us not to distinguish between mitzvos. I don't think either are more important than one another but they address different sides of the spectrum of what it means to be a religious Jew

  • 2
    I’m not sure how this answers the question. Unlike the other answer, this is just an unsourced opinion and doesn’t really help anyone.
    – DonielF
    Jun 25, 2018 at 3:20

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