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Are Cheques Muktzah on Shabbos? If so, what type of Muktzah?

  • I'd imagine a cheque is considered a document, and as such the same rules would apply. I don't know remember what those rules are offhand, though. – Menachem Aug 4 '11 at 2:04
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Sh'miras Shabas K'hilchasah 20:19–20 says they are muktzim mechamas chisaron kis (muktze because of potential loss of value), which is one of the 'severe' types of muktze, so they can't be moved even if one needs them or their spot. He doesn't differentiate among blank checks, signed checks, and cleared checks. As always, for practical halacha, CYLOR.

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http://www.toraschaimdallas.org/download/Muktza.pdf

Blank checks are Muktza machmas Issur. This type of muktza is muktza gamur and one can't move it for any reason.

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Items which have no purpose on Shabbos (or no designated purpose at all, and kept that status when shabbos arrived) are categorized as muktza machamas gufo (intrinsically muktza).

(Tom wanted to call it machmas issur because it had a designated pupose, but was unusable because using a check is forbidden on shabbos. I have seen muktza machmas issur normally applied to an item which is intrinsically purposeful on Shabbos, but the is an extrinsic issur in it's usage, like the case of a garment of shaatnez).

  • Why does a check have no purpose? It can be used to pay, which would seem to make it merely k'li shem'lachto l'isur, not muktze mechamas gufo. – msh210 Aug 4 '11 at 4:28
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    Kli shemelachto l'issur is where there is an item which is usable on shabbos, but its primary purpose is for issur. Since it is usable, he does not mentally eliminate its use for shabbos (that's why he can move it for the useful purpose- l'gufo or mekomo). An item which has no permissible use on shabbos is fully muktza- he has mentally eliminated its use for shabbos. – YDK Aug 4 '11 at 20:44
  • A question you can ask is: Is a check (or any shtar) a kli? If it is, then it had to be considered under the category of "kol hakelim nitalim chutz mimuktza machmas chisaron kis" so it can only be considered fully muktza if you hold like your SS"K. But I don't think it is a kli, since its use is what it represents, not what it does. – YDK Aug 4 '11 at 20:47
  • YDK, re your first comment, right, of course. My mistake. – msh210 Aug 4 '11 at 21:10

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