9

In Ramba"m Sefer Ahava, Laws of Tefillin Mezuzot Sefer Torah ch 7, hal. 15, when he enumerates the order of writing Ketuvim, he omits Ezra / Nechemia. Why?

13

Several rabbinic commentators raised this question without being able to answer it:

R. Noach Simcha Faks pointed out this omission and noted that in the Talmudic source-text in Bava Batra 14b, Ezra is enumerated as one of the books:

Kovetz He'arot Hatemimim V'an"sh Chag HaSukkot Gilyon Noach p. 66

הנה יש להעיר דמקור דברי הרמב"ם בהל' הנ"ל בגמ' במס' בבא בתרא דף י"ד ע"ב איתא דסדרן של כתובים רות וספר תהלים ואיוב ומשלי קהלת שיר השירים וקינות דניאל ומגילת אסתר עזרא ודברי הימים עכ"ל וא"ב צ"ב למה השמיט הרמב"ם ספר עזרא בהל' הנ"ל ואלי י"ל שיש בזה טה"ד

R. Yaakov Yechizkiya Fish writes that he does not know why Rambam left out Ezra:

M'Ta'amei Yaakov Likutim

וזה לשון הרמב"ם פ"ז מהלכות ס"ת הלכה ט"ו וסדר הכתובים רות ותהלים ואיוב ומשלי וקהלת ושיר השירים וקינות ודניאל ומגילה ודברי הימים ע"כ

ולא ידעתי למה השמיט הרמב"ם עזרא

R. Chizkiah Feivel Plaut writes that it requires further analysis why Rambam left out Ezra:

Likutei Chaver Ben Chaim

צ"ע למה שבק עזרא וכ"ה בב"ב שם

This question is also mentioned in Degel Machaneh Reuven, with the answer that it's simply missing from some editions but appears in others. The author writes that all the later editions that he checked were missing Ezra, and the only one that he found that had Ezra was the Rome 1480 edition:

ואמנם בכל ההוצאות האחרונות של ספר הרמב"ם שבדקתי הושמט ספר עזרא ורק בהוצאה הראשונה שנדפסה ברומא בשנת ר"מ מצאתי שמובא שם גם ספר עזרא כפי שתיקן הגר"ח שליט"א ע"פ הגמרא בבבא בתרא

However, I checked 18 printed editions and 28 manuscripts and the vast majority had Ezra listed. Every single manuscript and 14 out of the 18 printed editions had Ezra listed while only four of the printed editions did not have it. Based on this I think we can pretty definitively say that Rambam did not omit Ezra, and we simply have a phenomenon where an error crept into a handful of printed editions.

Below are images of the various editions, starting with those that do not have Ezra, followed by those that do have Ezra, followed by the manuscripts:

Printed Editions Without Ezra

1) Jerusalem 2006

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

2)

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

3) Leipzig 1862

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

4) Jerusalem 1982

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

Printed Editions With Ezra

1) Jerusalem 1975 (facsimile of Spanish/Portugal pre-1492)

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

2) Venice 1574

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

3) Venice 1615

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

4) Jerusalem 2001 (R. Nachum Rabinovitch)

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

5) R. Yosef Kafih 4th edition 2004

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

6)

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

7) Venice 1550

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

8)

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

9) Jerusalem 1958 (Mossad Harav Kook)

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

10) Jerusalem 2006 (Sheilat)

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

11)

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

12)

This one seems to be just a slight variant of the previous one (neither one has publishing information)

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

13) New York 1985 (Facsimile of old printed editions found in Cairo Geniza)

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

14) Jerusalem-Benei Brak 2017 (Frankel)

I have no image for this one, but here is the text of the relevant section of the Yalkut Shinuyei Nuschaot (Collection of textual Variants):

ועזרא כ"ה בכתה"י (חוץ מכית"ט וכית"נ וכיס"א) ובדפו"ס א' ובדפו"י ובשל"ד. בכית"ט וכית"נ וכיס"א ובשאל' עזרא. בדפו"ס ב' וספר עזרא. בדפו"א ליתא (בברדיט' הובא בסוגרים

Manuscripts

1) MS Kaufmann A 77

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

2) Oxford Huntington 80

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

3) The National Library of Russia, St. Petersburg, Russia Ms. EVR I 196

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

4) The British Library, London, England Or. 1486

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

5) The National Library of France, Paris, France Ms. hebr. 339

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

6) Hebrew Union College Library, Cincinnati, OH, USA Ms. 671

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

7) The Jewish Theological Seminary of America, New York, NY, USA Ms. 8282

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

8) The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, Oxford, England Ms. Can. Or. 78

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

9) Austrian National Library, Vienna, Austria Cod. hebr. 1

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

10) The Palatina Library, Parma, Italy Cod. Parm. 2760

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

11) The National Library of Russia, St. Petersburg, Russia Ms. EVR I 193

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

12) The National Library of Russia, St. Petersburg, Russia Ms. EVR I 191

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

13) The British Library, London, England Or. 10041

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

14) The Jewish Theological Seminary of America, New York, NY, USA Ms. 6100

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

15) The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, Oxford, England Ms. Marsh 116

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

16) The National Library of France, Paris, France Ms. hebr. 338

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

17) The Jewish Theological Seminary of America, New York, NY, USA Ms. 6137

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

18) The Jewish Theological Seminary of America, New York, NY, USA Ms. 6509

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

19) The Jewish Theological Seminary of America, New York, NY, USA Ms. 6105

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

20) The National Library of Russia, St. Petersburg, Russia Ms. EVR I 207

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

21) The National Library of France, Paris, France Ms. hebr. 341

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

22) The Palatina Library, Parma, Italy Cod. Parm. 3275

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

23) The British Library, London, England Add. 17056

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

24) The National Library of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel Ms. Heb. 4°367

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

25) Braginsky Collection of Hebrew Manuscripts and Printed Books, Zurich, Switzerland Ms. 345

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

26) The Palatina Library, Parma, Italy Cod. Parm. 2604

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

27) The Palatina Library, Parma, Italy Cod. Parm. 3149

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

28) The British Library, London, England Or. 10042

Image of page of Mishneh Torah

  • 10
    This is amazing but also total overkill – Double AA Oct 19 '18 at 1:20

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .