May a non-Jew count the Omer? May he count if he is in the process of converting? If he may, does he count with a blessing or without?

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    Is there any reason to think counting the omer is different from any other mitzvah? Is this just a general question (or questions) about whether non-Jews can perform mitzvot (with or without a blessing) and whether being in the conversion process makes a difference to the answer?
    – Joel K
    Commented Apr 11, 2018 at 9:10

2 Answers 2


according to HasidicUniversity.org (who lists what are obligation privileges (to do mitzvot) non-Jew's are) a non-Jew may do the mitzvah of counting the omer
(Related Rambam Kings 10.10
Where the Rambam says non-Jew's are alowed to do mitvot)

but without a blessing
(see Rambam Blessings 11.7 Where the Rambam seems to hint (at least that is how HasidicUniversity.org seems to understand him) that a non-jew should not make blessing of mitzvot)

(In this case Hasidic is from the words hasidai umot haolam)

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    I think O.C. discusses a similar scenario where someone becomes Bar Mitzvah during the Omer period. Prior to the Bar Mitzvah, he was not obligated to count. Since he began in the middle, his counting period is not considered tamim (complete). Therefore, from the day of his Bar Mitzvah until the end of Sefirah he may not make a bracha.
    – DanF
    Commented Apr 11, 2018 at 13:59
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    @DanF this seems not to related to the OP
    – hazoriz
    Commented Apr 11, 2018 at 14:49
  • As I had written this without knowing the details of what Ramba"m says specifically regarding the bracha part, I assumed that the main reason for not saying the bracha was related to the temimut issue which began with someone who was not obligated in the mitzvah at the beginning of the Omer. In this sense, both he Gentile and the Bar Mitzvah boy have the same problem.
    – DanF
    Commented Apr 11, 2018 at 15:48

I'm not arguing with the great answer above that A Gentile can do Mitzvos* i just want to mention about a prospective convert in an ashkenazi community should follow their custom,** and the Rema Shulchan Aruch 589:6 paskens that those who are not commanded should make a Brocho on a Mitzva hence make a Brocho on Sefiras Haomer (although those converting in a Sefaradi community should not make a Brocho like the Beis Yosef). I have made acquaintances with a woman who was converting who told me the Dayanim told her to make a Brocho on Mitzvos, but CYLOR.

*Avoda zora 3a:
מנין שאפילו עובד כוכבים ועוסק בתורה שהוא ככהן גדול תלמוד לומר (ויקרא יח, ה) אשר יעשה אותם האדם וחי בהם כהנים לוים וישראלים לא נאמר אלא האדם הא למדת שאפילו עובד כוכבים ועוסק בתורה הרי הוא ככהן גדול אלא לומר לך שאין מקבלין עליהם שכר כמצווה ועושה אלא כמי שאינו מצווה ועושה

**Beis Yosef explaining Tur (and Rema):נקטי' כר"ת דהא נוטלות עליהם שכר מדאמר רבי יוסי בר חנינא קידושין (לא:) גדול המצווה ועושה ממי שאינו מצווה ועושה דמדקאמר גדול אלמא למי שאינו מצווה ועושה נמי יש לו שכר הלכך בכלל מצוה הן ומברכות I.e one who is not commanded can still say "Vetzivanu" because of the reward that they will get by doing the Mitzva and since the previous note proves in Gemora avoda zoro 3a From Vayikra 18,5 that any man even a gentile shall get reward by doing a Mitzva (not only Jewish people) they can be included in commanded.

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    Is a gentile really bound by the customs of the local Jews? By what dint?
    – Double AA
    Commented Apr 11, 2018 at 17:21
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    I know that where there is a Minhag to asser something then one can't be lenient in a Minhag (See perek 4 of Pesachim) i don't think a gentile is bound by such laws as he is not Jewish yet and can do as he wants, but out of respect for the local community he is converting into if it is sefaradi he should not make a Brocha which is degrading their custom when they are leaning backwards to help him become Jewish. Even a Gentile should be considerate.
    – user15464
    Commented Apr 11, 2018 at 17:27
  • +1 but you did not deal with the issue that woman were made holy but non Jews were not
    – hazoriz
    Commented Apr 12, 2018 at 1:27
  • @hazoriz see my second note which seems to identify why they can say a Brocho in spite of Lack of Kedushas Yisroel
    – user15464
    Commented Apr 12, 2018 at 16:29
  • @user15464 I ment how can they say Asher kidishanu bimitzvosav (you seem so only be explaining the next word (that they can say vitzivanu)) (the Rambam brings both as reason why they should not, you are bringing evidence that for ashkenasim the reason does not stand, but it seems you are ignoring the first one) (maybe he can skip those 3 words)
    – hazoriz
    Commented Apr 12, 2018 at 16:32

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