I am studying the early post-second temple period, and I am curious as to what sort of ceremony Rebbe Akiva would have performed when he decided to anoint Shimon Bar Kochba (at that time, to the best of his understanding) as Moschiach.

Was he just anointed King of Israel or was he actually proclaimed Moschiach?

Opinions seem to vary on this subject.

  • Keep in mind during your research that in Rabbinic Literature Bar Kochba is known as "Bar Koziba" ("son of a lie"). This refers to his status as a failed messiah. Good luck!
    – ezra
    Apr 3, 2018 at 1:34
  • His coins and lead weights and letters refer to him as "Nasi" Prince, not King. If he was anointed King, he would have advertised it.
    – Gary
    Apr 3, 2018 at 1:38
  • 2
    It says somewhere he anointed him, or just assumed he was the messiah?
    – user6591
    Apr 3, 2018 at 2:09
  • Hi, he was only referred to as "Bar Koziba after he had lost the approval of the rabbis. Akiva is generally credited/blamed for anointing him. So he would have been appointed "Nasi", so not 'King', hench not Moschiach. Thanks guys! Nov 7, 2018 at 13:11


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