In the Gemara, Satan is frequently described as "dancing". (Examples being B[Berachot 33a]1, Megillah 11b, and Pesachim 112b.) Why is this so?

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    ריקוד need not mean dancing as it does in modern hebrew. See Eruvin 104a. It means "stomping" or so. Not that I'm sure why the Satan would be stomping. – Double AA Mar 29 '18 at 18:46
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    @DoubleAA haynu hach. stomponline.com - not to mention why we would ask how to stomp before the Kallah – rikitikitembo Mar 29 '18 at 18:58
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    Maybe based on Isaiah 13:21 וּשְׂעִירִ֖ים יְרַקְּדוּ־שָֽׁם? – b a Mar 29 '18 at 18:59
  • @rikitikitembo ??? They aren't the same and words can have different senses. – Double AA Mar 29 '18 at 19:00
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    @ba +1 And see more explicitly in Midrash Raba (Ber 65,15) connecting this with sheidim. – yO_ Mar 29 '18 at 21:11

I believe the expression of the Satan 'dancing' is more to demonstrate his joy at succeeding in his job and is not to be understood in the literal sense.

With regards to the Gemara you bring in Megillah, the Ben Yehoyada here explains that the 'dancing' was more a celebration of his success in generating a great sense of depravity and immorality:

...בָּא שָׂטָן וְרִקֵּד בֵּינֵיהֶן, רוצה לומר ריקד בתאות הניאוף

The Satan came and danced amongst them - This means to say that he danced at the desire for immorality/adultery

In the case of him 'dancing between his (the ox) horns' as mentioned in Berachos and Pesachim - the Rashbam in Pesachim writes:

מפני שהשטן מרקד - לאו דווקא אלא משוגע כדמפרש לקמן

Because Satan dances between his horns - not specifically, but rather to make it mad, as we will explain later

So the implication is that this dancing is not to be taken literally but rather done in an act to antagonise the ox into action.

It is also worth noting here that on the subject of arguing for the sake of heaven both the Nodeh BiYehuda and the Chasam Sofer say that is rare to find nowadays an argument that is truly motivated for the sake of heaven - and the result is that the Satan 'dances at such occasions' - namely, he instigates such 'righteous arguments'. Again understood in a non-literal sense.

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