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The Korban Pesach was made to be able to keep a meal in order to hold a celebration which serves as a remembrance (Shemot 12:14, 16).

A remembrance of the moment we took a lamb and used it's blood to make a sign upon the the posts of the houses in which it was eaten, so that HaShem could skip those houses and they would not suffer the same destruction that was caused in the other houses, which would lead to the eventual Exodus.

These days we can't bring the Pesach sacrifice, because there is no Temple, but we still hold a meal in order to hold a celebration as a remembrance. So that part still stands.

But does this mean that the command (Shemot 12:44, 48, Bamidbar 9:14) of circumcision (which would allow one to join the meal of the Korban with the matzot and maror) now without the Korban becomes invalid? (So one could join in a uncircumcised state).

The fact is that one still joins a meal which is kept to hold a celebration as a remembrance, and serves the exact same purpose, wouldn't it therefore be more appropriate to keep this command although the meal doesn't involve a Pesach sacrifice.

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    Meal of pesach is not korban pesach – kouty Mar 18 '18 at 15:55
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    @Rish I think OP refers to an uncircumcised Jew, not a Gentile. So, it' snot a dupe of that question. Thus, I believe kouty's comment applies. – DanF Mar 18 '18 at 16:14
  • @Rish my question is not about wether a Ger or Jew is allowed to join if uncircumcised, but about wether they are are or not allowed so because the absence of the Korban Pesach while it could be the command still applies because of the other facets. – Levi Mar 18 '18 at 17:23
  • @DanF see my comment regards Rish; I would like to know if it's allowed or not today because the Korban Pesach is missing, while it seems that although it is missing there are still a lot of similarities with the meal these days. – Levi Mar 18 '18 at 17:28
  • @Levi Just to clarify, you’re asking if an uncircumcised Jew is allowed to partake in a modern-day, post-second-Temple Pesach Seder in light of the prohibition upon him against eating from the Karban Pesach which no longer exists? I’m not following your line of logic. Even when the Mikdash stood and there was a Karban Pesach, an uncircumcised Jew could join the Seder - he just couldn’t eat the Karban (from what I understand - someone please correct me if I’m wrong, in which case there may be more basis to this question than I’d think). – DonielF Mar 19 '18 at 7:30
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Many laws applied to the Passover offering that do not apply to the Seder. For example, the Passover offering can only be eaten by people who are Tahor (a specific form of ritual purity). There is no requirement to be Tahor to attend a Seder nowadays.

Similarly, the Passover offering had to be eaten only by the invited members of a group. Nowadays, anyone may walk in and join a Seder on the spot. [For those of you who think the invitation in "Ha Lachma Anya" is just a ritual, we once had some teens knock on our door just after we recited Ha Lachma Anya. Their previous Seder plans hadn't worked out so they came to us. Obviously, we invited them to join.]

Additionally, the Passover offering can only be done in Jerusalem. The Seder can, and indeed is, celebrated around the world.

Likewise, it would seem there is no specific need for a Jew to be circumcised in order to join a Seder. One may clearly invite a non-circumcised Jew to attend a Seder.

However, there is a requirement for every Jewish adult male to ensure that he receives a circumcision if his parents did not perform one for him and he is medically able to. He should be appropriately circumcised as Jews have been for millenia. Circumcision is a Jew's personal covenant with God, and perhaps an even more critical part of being Jewish than the Seder itself.

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    Citations to sources would improve this answer post. – msh210 Mar 18 '18 at 17:42
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The Gemara (Pesachim 28b) states that an uncircumcised Jew is obligated to eat matzah like any other Jew, and derives this from a verse:

ור' שמעון טמא ושהיה בדרך רחוקה לא איצטריך קרא דלא גרע מערל ובן נכר דכתיב (שמות יב, מח) וכל ערל לא יאכל בו בו הוא אינו אוכל אבל אוכל הוא במצה ובמרור

...it is written: “And no uncircumcised man shall eat of it” (Exodus 12:48). The added emphasis in “of it” indicates that only it, the Paschal lamb, he does not eat; however, he must eat matza and bitter herbs.

(Tosafot, ibid., s.v. kol arel, questions why a verse is even necessary, since matzah, unlike the korban pesach, is not a sanctified object.)

  • So what do the words: "and will keep/do/make the Pesach.." and "to come near and keep it" refer to, do these refer to bringing the zebach Chag Pesach, the Korban Pesach? – Levi Mar 20 '18 at 13:07
  • @Levi not sure what words you're referring to – wfb Mar 20 '18 at 14:52
  • ועשה פסח (ליהוה) – Levi Mar 20 '18 at 19:33
  • @Levi yes, that pasuk is talking about korban pesach – wfb Mar 21 '18 at 1:17
  • @wfb; but 'it' could also refer to the whole meal – Levi Mar 22 '18 at 8:21

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