The question "Why mention the ger in Lev 19:10, 23:22?" references Vayikra 23:22 and quotes from it:
When you reap the harvest of your Land, you shall not completely remove the corner of your field during your harvesting, and you shall not gather up the gleanings of your harvest. [Rather,] you shall leave these for the poor person and for the stranger
The referenced question deals with the identity of the recipient of kindness. This question relates to how people followed this instruction if their work didn't produce something edible or harvestable.
As I understand the passage, the intent is to extend kindness to the poor and the stranger (which I take to be migrants/sojourners, in a position somewhat similar to that of the Israelites in Egypt prior to the Exodus). From a simple reading of the passage, I infer the following:
- the farmer (for want of a better term) deliberately avoids expending effort to achieve a 100% harvest;
- the farmer does not expend effort to identify or assist the gleaners (again, for want of a better term) with harvesting;
- the gleaners expend their own effort to gather what they need from the farmer's land after the farmer has completed the (primary) harvest.
The intention appeared to be that when one had 'increase' (profit, harvestable gain, etc), some of that increase should be shared with the poor and the stranger.
My question is this:
- for someone whose 'increase' or 'profit' wasn't harvestable (say, a craftsman, doctor or an engineer), how should they follow this law?
For simplicity, let's assume the person's role in the company is 'business owner', in a similar position as the passage's owner of the land. I wouldn't expect a carpenter, for example, to make a chair and leave it for someone to take. Would he make cash donations to the temple instead?
On the matter of effort expended by whom, it isn't practical to talk about 'gleaning' cash. Did the temple authorities play a role in facilitating the helping of the poor and the stranger? If so, were the poor and the stranger expected to expend any effort in the process of acquiring aid (analogous to the effort required in gleaning in farms to acquire grain or fruit etc)? Perhaps taking the cash to the market to make their own purchases was the analogue. In any case, the focus of my question is the part highlighted in bold above.
My interest in this question is as someone "interested in knowing more [about Jewish law and tradition]" (cf the Mi Yodea tour and FAQ). Apologies in advance if the tags I chose for this question aren't the most suitable - please feel free to edit them. Thank you for reading my question.