I noticed an interesting "anomaly".

From the beginning of parshat Terumah through Tetzaveh and into the beginning of Ki Tissa, G-d details numerous laws of the mishkan (Tabernacle). At the end, G-d mentions Shabbat.

When Moshe assembles the people at the beginning of Vayakhel, he mentions Shabbat first, and then this is followed by the mishkan assembly.

Why when G-d is talking is Shabbat last, but when Moshe is talking, Shabbat is first?

  • @JoelK Purim must have hit me too hard, this year. Another dupe of my own question!
    – DanF
    Commented Mar 12, 2018 at 17:09
  • I saw there was a rashi referenced for this question (in my chumash) but I couldn't find it
    – SAH
    Commented Mar 12, 2018 at 17:30

1 Answer 1


This question is addressed by Ralbag in the beginning of Parshas Vayakhel:

הנה הקדים משה בזה הסיפור זכרון שמירת השבת לעשית המשכן וכל אשר בו אע"פ שהיה מאוחר במה שקדם מדברי השם יתע' אלא לפי שהכוונה בזה הוא להודיע שאין מלאכת המשכן דוחה שבת והקדימו משה מפני זה

In this narrative Moshe mentioned keeping Shabbat prior to [mentioning] the construction of the mishkan and everything in it, even though [the mishkan was mentioned] later in the words of Hashem (may He be exalted) that preceded this, because the intent of this was to make known that the work of the mishkan does not override Shabbat; for this reason Moshe [mentioned Shabbat] first.

Ramban gives the same reason for Shabbat preceding the mishkan here, but he doesn't specifically relate it to the fact that the order is reversed from earlier:

והקדים השבת לאמר כי ששת ימים תעשה מלאכת אלה הדברים ולא ביום השביעי שהוא קודש לה' ומכאן שאין מלאכת המשכן דוחה שבת ולא ממדרש אך כמו שפרשתי בסדר כי תשא

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