Targum on Esther identifies Memuchan as Haman (in 1:16):

ממוכן הוא המן

Memuchan, who is Haman

Yet on 4:5, when he identifies Hasach as Daniel, he switches the order:

דניאל דמתקרי התך

Daniel, who is called Hasach

(In the subsequent verses in each part of the Megillah, the Targum consistently uses the names in the Megillah.)

Why is it that in 1:16, he starts off with the name used in the Megillah and identifies who it is only after, while in 4:5, he gives the character's actual name and then refers to him as the Megillah does? Why not, in 4:5, say התך הוא דניאל, or in 1:16 המן דמתקרי ממוכן?

  • Maybe memuchan was never called that, but rather the Megillah calls him that for a drash. Daniel on the other hand went by hasach – robev Mar 1 '18 at 21:45
  • @robev You mean that nobody ever called him Memuchan besides for the Anshei Kenesses HaGedolah? Interesting. If that can be sourced, it would explain why the Targum doesn't use המן דמתקרי ממוכן, but why doesn't it say התך הוא דניאל? – DonielF Mar 1 '18 at 22:00
  • Possibly The first time we meet Daniel he is called Daniel; The first time we meet Homon he is called Memuchan- i.e. at the point the midrash is telling us that it is Homon, we haven't really met him to say 'Homon, who is called Memuchan' – Orangesandlemons Mar 2 '18 at 12:33
  • @Orangesandlemons Targum still could have said התך הוא דניאל – DonielF Mar 2 '18 at 14:52
  • Does anyone remember who says that daniel is called hasach because here other people needed to grow to the point where they would give up their lives (namely both mordechai and esther) after klall yisrael failed to give up their lives by nevuchadnetzar's statue? I think it might have been the ohr sameach, netziv, or chasam sofer perhaps? Regardless, he answers this there too. – Uber_Chacham Mar 4 '18 at 23:01

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