There's a Gezeria Shava between Purim and Pesach (the phrase מי יודע - אחד מי יודע to )וּמִי יוֹדֵעַ אִם לְעֵת כָּזֹאת הִגַּעַתְּ לַמַּלְכוּת

What else does the above Gezeira Shava teach us?

[Small meta question - Is the tree up there connected to Haman's 50 Amah tree?]

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There is one glaringly obvious connection - the feast of Achashverosh described in the first chapter of Megillat Esther was in fact a Seder.

  1. They had karpas as well as couches for reclining.

  2. והשתיה כדת - the wine was drunk in accordance with the rules of the 4 cups.

  3. אין אנס - no one was forced to eat the matzah.

This is because they were choshesh for the opinion of the Maggid Mishneh to Hilchot Shofar 2:4 that the correct text of the Rambam in Hilchot Chametz uMatza 6:3 may read

אכל מצה בלא כונה כגון שאנסוהו עכו"ם או לסטין לאכול לא יצא ידי חובתו

If one ate matzah unintenionally, for instance if he was forced by non-Jews or bandits to eat, he has not fulfilled his obligation.

  1. But then they had a problem. They couldn't find any maror. Achachverosh therefore needed to summon Vashti, so they could contemplate the relevant verse in Kohelet 7:26 and thus remember the bitterness. Vashti was naturally insulted by this suggestion, and refused to come.

  2. Finally, at the very end of the seder, Achashverosh called for Charvona, who, as we all know, is actually Eliyahu HaNavi.


In Shemuel B 12:22 it explains the outcome of the Gezeirah Shavah:

צַ֖מְתִּי וָאֶבְכֶּ֑ה כִּ֤י אָמַ֙רְתִּי֙ מִ֣י יוֹדֵ֔עַ

This proves that there must be a fast day prior to reciting "Mi Yodeya". For this reason, we have Taanis Bechorim on Erev Pesach, and Taanis Esther before Purim!

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