When doing shnayim mikra, may one read an entire parsha/aliyah once, then do the targum, then read the pesukim again? Or does it have to be in the order of its name - first shnayim mikra and then echad targum? Similarly, may one read the pesukim out of order (assume b'dieved - he got confused as to what day it was and read chamishi on Wednesday, for example - does he have to do chamishi again after going back and doing revi'i)? Thanks.

  • 1
    This seems to me to be a duplicate of this earlier asked question: judaism.stackexchange.com/q/64929
    – msh210
    Feb 12, 2018 at 20:18
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    @Alex I'm not sure that this is a total duplicate - the final question here ("Similarly, may one read the pesukim out of order...") is not asked in the other question.
    – Joel K
    Oct 4, 2018 at 7:11

4 Answers 4


To answer part of your question:

Or does it have to be in the order of its name - first shnayim mikra and then echad targum?

The Birur Halacha (Beginning of 285) writes that reading the entire parsha once and then each pasuk followed by it’s Targum, or reading each pasuk once followed by it’s Targum and then the entire parsha once are both valid options that are halachically the same as the Arizal’s method because the entire issue is reading the Targum close to the pasuk. This is brought by Bikkurei Chaim 3:1 (source: footnote #18 here)

I couldn't find an answer for your specific case, but we see from the bold text above, that not necessarily does it have to be first shnayim mikra and then echod targum. (This doesn't necessarily answer the rest of your question though.)


Rav Eliezer Melamed says as follows (Peninei Halacha Hilchot Shabbos 5:10):

Be-di’avad, the order is not critical. If one reads the verse, then targum, and then repeats the verse – he fulfills his obligation (Levush; AHS 285:3). Similarly if he reads the parsha out of order from end to beginning, he fulfills his obligation. The main objective is to read all the verses twice and the translation once.

Therefore, however one reads it, they fulfill their obligation, even if "out of order".


Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach (Halichot Shlomo, Tefillah page 155) is quoted to have allowed one to read Parashiyot out of order (I've heard Rav Hershel Schachter say so, as well). In the Biurim, they say all the more so it should be fine to read the Pesukim within a Parasha out of order.

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The point of the Targum is that it explains the passuk when it might cause some sort of misunderstanding. Therefore, one reads the passuk, then the targum and then the passuk again, after the meaning has been made clear.

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    Interesting idea. Is it your own or that of some respected known authority on Judaism? Please edit to clarify.
    – Double AA
    Feb 14, 2018 at 15:50
  • I did not mention the source because I am not sure but since you ask, I think this is how the Yemenites study the Torah. The second time, the verse is read by the whole group together.
    – user16732
    Feb 14, 2018 at 16:12

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