O.C. 269:1 (Sefaria translation in English):

It is the custom to recite Kiddush in the synagogue, however, the one who recites does not taste the wine of Kiddush but gives it to a minor to taste because Kiddush is recited at the place where the meal is eaten. From the outset this custom was established for the sake of [communal] guests who eat and drink in the synagogue, so that they may fulfill their obligation. And today, even though [communal] guests do not eat and drink in the synagogue, the custom remains.

Why are we concerned about giving the wine to a child? If the person making Kiddush in shul does not fulfill his obligation of saying Kiddush because it is not said where the meal is, what would be the problem by his drinking the wine? He would still need to make Kiddush when he went home! Is there some other prohibition or restriction that I'm not seeing, here?

  • 3
    Why should he be allowed to eat before kiddush? – Double AA Feb 7 at 4:16
  • @DoubleAA If that's the only or main reason, then please make your 1st comment an answer. See my last sentence in the question. – DanF Feb 7 at 14:32

Mishnah Berurah 269:2 explains that since the chazzan does not fulfill his kiddush obligation (as he is not eating his meal in the synagogue) he can’t drink the wine, because it is forbidden to eat or drink anything before kiddush. (This prohibition is discussed in Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 271:4.)

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .