I am looking for archaeological findings that support what is written in the Torah or Neviim Rishonim. I am looking for non-sensational findings that are agreed upon by the general scientific community.Also, I am not necessarily looking for confirmation of miracles but just a confirmation of any the events, people or objects mentioned.


2 Answers 2


Biblical Archaeology Review has a list of 53 people that archaeology has confirmed in the bible. All of these are things that are generally agreed upon by the scientific community (although just as with any community of people, there are always some outliers in every direction). It includes ketuvim too so it's a little broader than your question in that sense. The full article at BAR contains details on all of these. Here is the list:


1 Shishak (= Sheshonq I) pharaoh 945–924 1 Kings 11:40, etc.

2 So (= Osorkon IV) pharaoh 730–715 2 Kings 17:4

3 Tirhakah (= Taharqa) pharaoh 690–664 2 Kings 19:9, etc

4 Necho II (= Neco II) pharaoh 610–595 2 Chronicles 35:20, etc.

5 Hophra (= Apries) pharaoh 589–570 Jeremiah 44:30


6 Mesha king early to mid-ninth century 2 Kings 3:4–27


7 Hadadezer king early ninth century to 844/842 1 Kings 11:23, etc.

8 Ben-hadad, son of Hadadezer king 844/842 2 Kings 6:24, etc.

9 Hazael king 844/842–c. 800 1 Kings 19:15, etc.

10 Ben-hadad, son of Hazael king early eighth century 2 Kings 13:3, etc.

11 Rezin king mid-eighth century to 732 2 Kings 15:37, etc.

Northern Kingdom

12 Omri king 884–873 1 Kings 16:16, etc.

13 Ahab king 873–852 1 Kings 16:28, etc.

14 Jehu king 842/841–815/814 1 Kings 19:16, etc.

15 Joash (= Jehoash) king 805–790 2 Kings 13:9, etc.

16 Jeroboam II king 790–750/749 2 Kings 13:13, etc.

17 Menahem king 749–738 2 Kings 15:14, etc.

18 Pekah king 750(?)–732/731 2 Kings 15:25, etc.

19 Hoshea king 732/731–722 2 Kings 15:30, etc.

20 Sanballat “I” governor of Samaria under Persian rule c. mid-fifth century Nehemiah 2:10, etc.

Southern Kingdom

21 David king c. 1010–970 1 Samuel 16:13, etc.

22 Uzziah (= Azariah) king 788/787–736/735 2 Kings 14:21, etc.

23 Ahaz (= Jehoahaz) king 742/741–726 2 Kings 15:38, etc.

24 Hezekiah king 726–697/696 2 Kings 16:20, etc.

25 Manasseh king 697/696–642/641 2 Kings 20:21, etc.

26 Hilkiah high priest during Josiah’s reign within 640/639–609 2 Kings 22:4, etc.

27 Shaphan scribe during Josiah’s reign within 640/639–609 2 Kings 22:3, etc.

28 Azariah high priest during Josiah’s reign within 640/639–609 1 Chronicles 5:39, etc.

29 Gemariah official during Jehoiakim’s reign within 609–598 Jeremiah 36:10, etc.

30 Jehoiachin (= Jeconiah = Coniah) king 598–597 2 Kings 24:6, etc.

31 Shelemiah father of Jehucal the royal official late seventh century Jeremiah 37:3, etc.

32 Jehucal (= Jucal) official during Zedekiah’s reign within 597–586 Jeremiah 37:3, etc.

33 Pashhur father of Gedaliah the royal official late seventh century Jeremiah 38:1

34 Gedaliah official during Zedekiah’s reign within 597–586 Jeremiah 38:1


35 Tiglath-pileser III (= Pul) king 744–727 2 Kings 15:19, etc.

36 Shalmaneser V king 726–722 2 Kings 17:3, etc.

37 Sargon II king 721–705 Isaiah 20:1

38 Sennacherib king 704–681 2 Kings 18:13, etc.

39 Adrammelech (= Ardamullissu = Arad-mullissu) son and assassin of Sennacherib early seventh century 2 Kings 19:37, etc.

40 Esarhaddon king 680–669 2 Kings 19:37, etc.


41 Merodach-baladan II king 721–710 and 703 2 Kings 20:12, etc.

42 Nebuchadnezzar II king 604–562 2 Kings 24:1, etc.

43 Nebo-sarsekim official of Nebuchadnezzar II early sixth century Jeremiah 39:3

44 Nergal-sharezer officer of Nebuchadnezzar II early sixth century Jeremiah 39:3

45 Nebuzaradan a chief officer of Nebuchadnezzar II early sixth century 2 Kings 25:8, etc. & Jeremiah 39:9, etc.

46 Evil-merodach (= Awel Marduk = Amel Marduk) king 561–560 2 Kings 25:27, etc.

47 Belshazzar son and co-regent of Nabonidus c. 543?–540 Daniel 5:1, etc.


48 Cyrus II (= Cyrus the Great) king 559–530 2 Chronicles 36:22, etc.

49 Darius I (= Darius the Great) king 520–486 Ezra 4:5, etc.

50 Tattenai provincial governor of Trans-Euphrates late sixth to early fifth century Ezra 5:3, etc.

51 Xerxes I (= Ahasuerus) king 486–465 Esther 1:1, etc.

52 Artaxerxes I Longimanus king 465-425/424 Ezra 4:7, etc.

53 Darius II Nothus king 425/424-405/404 Nehemiah 12:22


As a general rule, you find plenty archaeological evidence in the Bible for events which were written down by authors that lived near the time of the events, though the evidence sometimes shows that the the biblical authors "fixed" the historical story to match their ideology. As the date of authorship becomes farther away from the date in which the events described happened, evidence becomes scarce, and the evidence found at times contradicts the story entirely.

Here are some key examples:

The Exodus

Whatever traditions the exodus story is based on, archaeological evidence shows that Egypt was in fact the ruler of Canaan during the 14th century BC, and that no mass changes to the population (600,000 men plus their families would have constituted around half the population of Egypt at that time) seem to have happened. Cities and nations mentioned by name in Exodus are known to have only existed many hundreds of years later, Camel's are known not to have brought to Egypt until many hundreds of years later, as well as many other issues. In short, here the archaeological evidence clearly dismisses the biblical story, and indeed, we're talking about some 700 years before the reign of Josiah.

David and Solomon's Kingdom

There is no real archaeological evidence for the large united kingdom of David and Solomon large kingdom described in the Bible, with a lack of large structures and inhabited sites that would be required in such a kingdom. The earliest evidence we have for David is from the Tel Dan Stele which only mentioned the "House of David", not David himself. In short, at the very least, no real evidence.

Kings of Israel

The Omrides are mentioned in multiple archaeological findings, with the defeat of Joram son of Ahab mentioned in the Mesha Stele.

Assyrian siege of Jerusalem

The famous Assyrian clay prisms describe Sennacherib's siege on Jerusalem, and agree with most biblical details, other than the miracle described in the bible, where 185,000 of Sennacherib's troops perished overnight.

  • 3
    This doesn't answer the question. The request was for confirmation, not contradiction.
    – user6591
    Jan 29, 2018 at 11:06
  • @user6591 - There three confirming examples in my answer. Do you want more, or do you just want a an answer that ignores the stuff that contradicts certain beliefs? Jan 29, 2018 at 12:59
  • 4
    It's not what I want. It's what the OP wants. A request was made for proof to one side of an argument. The major thrust of this answer seems to be an attempt to prove the opposing view. It's not a matter of intellectual honesty or religious doctrine. It's a matter of answering with an appropriate answer.
    – user6591
    Jan 29, 2018 at 13:03
  • Actually, I remember some articles that showed that the timeline that denies the tanach statements (such as Yehoshuah or the kingdoms of Dovid and Shlomo) were actually off because of the assumptions as to what period the items found actually should be assigned to. Thus, the assumption of a period belonging to the kingdoms of Dovid and Shloo were placed in an area were there were no indications. Indications of major populations and economic activity were assumed to be Cannanite and destructions caused by the entry of Bnai Yisrael were assumed to be either earlier or later. Jan 30, 2018 at 1:17

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