I'm trying to get a sense for how devastating it was to Jews at the time relative to the Shoah of modern times.

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    Consider the fact that it's still being mourned 2000 years later. – Scimonster Jan 10 '18 at 8:09
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    Consider the fact that the entire basis of the "Jewish religion" at that time was being destroyed and we could have fallen apart completely. – sabbahillel Jan 10 '18 at 11:49
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    @sabbahillel I’m not disagreeing with your comment. Only noting that the Shoah is compared to the type of destruction from Purim. Worse, it was more successful. 2nd Temple destruction was aimed at the stones primarily. The people and culture were preserved for the most part. It doesn’t make light of the enormous loss, but remember the Kruvim on top of the Ark were embracing. I’ve heard of no such allegory with the Shoah. – Yaacov Deane Jan 10 '18 at 12:51
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    This seems primarily opinion based. How do we quantify if they were similarly devastating – Double AA Jan 10 '18 at 13:00
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    @DoubleAA, luckily the asker asked not for us to quantify that but whether historians have done so. I'm not an historian; perhaps they have some way of doing so; if not, not, but I don't see how this is seeking answerers' opinions. – msh210 Jan 10 '18 at 13:08

Jewish Virtual Library in the article entitled 'Ancient Jewish History: The Great Revolt (66-70 CE)' says:' . . . the Great Revolt of 66-70, followed some sixty years later by the Bar Kokhba revolt, were the greatest calamities in Jewish history prior to the Holocaust. In addition to the more than one million Jews killed, these failed rebellions led to the total loss of Jewish political authority in Israel until 1948.' (The Great Revolt (66 - 70 CE) - Jewish Virtual Library)

The Gospel of Mark 13:19 reports that Jesus predicted that the days leading up to the destruction of the Temple would be 'days of distress unequaled from the beginning, when God created the world, until now—and never to be equaled again.' But in actual fact the Holocaust or Shoah surpassed the destruction of Jewish lives in those days manifold.

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