I recently learned according to the Torah ("Shema Isroel, Hashem is our God, Hashem is one"), that G-D is one and single. Please help me understand this unity.

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    It's simple. He's one. He isn't split into parts, or personalities, or anything - He's G-d, and that's that. What's there not to understand? – ezra Jan 9 '18 at 22:34
  • Exactly! One = One. No sons, uncles, or brother-in-laws. One = one. Infinity cannot be split into pieces. Any questions? BTW, the triune God was a steal from the cult of Hermes Trismegistus, but it was helpful for converting Gentiles in terms they already understood. – Gary Jan 9 '18 at 22:48
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    Why so many downvotes? I mean, it's a very basic and simple question, but that's no reason to say it's a bad one. – ezra Jan 9 '18 at 23:14
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    @ezra We edited it to appear as a question and not competing with Christianity. We also expect people to do some basic background research before asking question, don't we? – Al Berko Jan 9 '18 at 23:20
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    @ezra And I quote a wise man's thought's about this question: "It's simple. [...] What's there not to understand?" – Double AA Jan 10 '18 at 0:40

The Shema conveys three fundamental Jewish ideas on the Nature of G-d.

First, that G-d is the only G-d. There are no other gods except Him. He alone created everything there is, and there was no other power or force present in the beginning. Only Him.

Second, that G-d is a unity. He is not split into parts, or personalities, or attributes. He is complete and indivisable. He is everywhere - everywhere. G-d is not limited by time or space.

Lastly, that to G-d alone should you offer your prayers. No other thing may you beseech or use as an intermediary between you and G-d.

This is unarguably the basis of all Jewish belief. To deny any of these three facts constitutes heresy.

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    His being everywhere doesn't obviously follow from anything in Shema. – Double AA Jan 9 '18 at 23:10
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    Where does Shema indicate that we should only offer prayers to God? – Double AA Jan 9 '18 at 23:11
  • @DoubleAA When it says Hashem Elokeinu. Also Ani Hashem Elokeichem emes. – ezra Jan 9 '18 at 23:13
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    How is that supposed to convince me? Or anyone? (Note the word emes does not appear in Shema; it is commonly customarily said afterwards but that doesn't seem relevant in the context of this question.) – Double AA Jan 9 '18 at 23:20
  • I agree that the Shema is correctly defined above. G-d is only one being, the transliterated "echad" or "one single" defines his unity. This is what set apart Israel's G-d from the other nations. Other nations were polytheistic believers, believing in multiple gods or deities. In the Greek text, in latter times as recorded, Rome was a polytheistic religious nation worshipping multiple gods or deities. – Scott Perciful Feb 18 '18 at 6:29

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