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It is written in Parashah 34: B’midbar (In the desert) 1:1–4:20:

"20 The men twenty years old and over who were subject to military service were recorded by name, family and clan, starting with the descendants of Re’uven, Isra’el’s firstborn. Here are the totals:

21 Descendants of Re’uven 46,500

22-23 Descendants of Shim‘on 59,300

24-25 Descendants of Gad 45,650

26-27 Descendants of Y’hudah 74,600

28-29 Descendants of Yissakhar 54,400

30-31 Descendants of Z’vulun 57,400

32-33 Descendants of Efrayim 40,500

34-35 Descendants of M’nasheh 32,200

36-37 Descendants of Binyamin 35,400

38-39 Descendants of Dan 62,700

40-41 Descendants of Asher 41,500"

42-43 Descendants of Naftali 53,400

You see that all these numbers end in 0, and, if you ask me, this is not a coincidence, and it is not rounding (for example 35401 can be rounded to 35400), cause I believe that these are exact numbers. This is not (just) a numerology question but search for some deep reasons of why tribes had their men twenty years old and over who were subject to military service all as they are rounded to be multiples of 10 (or 50, if you want)?

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    Is there any reason to believe the numbers aren't rounded? – b a Jan 3 '18 at 19:12
  • @ba I see no reason of why they would be rounded. Is it hard to believe that they are as they are? – user16463 Jan 3 '18 at 19:14
  • @ClintEastwood Not possible. – user16463 Jan 3 '18 at 19:15
  • It is extremely unlikely for 12 random numbers to all end in 0. It is more unlikely for of 11 random numbers to end in 00 without rounding. – Clint Eastwood Jan 3 '18 at 19:31
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    @ClintEastwood, if the numbers ended, respectively, in 19, 65, 23, 17, 25, 09, 81, 45, 28, 37, 11, and 60, the probability of that would also be .01^12. – msh210 Jan 3 '18 at 21:59