I am looking for a list of Berachos/blessings that are recited a maximum of once per year.

Which blessings (from prayer, Jewish rituals, or otherwise, by men or women) are recited only once per year? Additionally, which ones can be recited up to once per year, but are not required to be made yearly?

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    I'm not sure these would count: the bracha of L'hachniso at a brit said by a father and Al Pidyon haben (because I assume that a man wouldn't have more than one male child in a calendar year in a monogamous relationship, though I guess he could say it, get divorced, get remarried and have another child within the year) and if one says a single bracha over ALL his trumat ma'aser (not species by species) at one time, then L'hafrish trumot. Same with Lifdot Ma'aser sheini. All guesses... – rosends Jan 2 '18 at 16:56
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    @doniel I tagged it thusly – Double AA Jan 2 '18 at 18:34
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    Would there be any way for this to be reworded as a non-"Riddle"? I do want to know the answer to this, and I do not currently know it. I am not in any way filling the definition of the meta post listed above: "With riddles, the asker makes an effort to conceal relevant information, to keep the answer from being obvious.". It is simply information I am asking others to help me find. Comparing it to other questions with riddle tags, it does not seem to fit in. Cont... – רבות מחשבות Jan 2 '18 at 18:56
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    Also, it doesn't seem to fit a regular (outside of MY) riddle definition: "a question or statement intentionally phrased so as to require ingenuity in ascertaining its answer or meaning, typically presented as a game." Feel free to forward this to Meta if the discussion does not belong here, I'm not sure yet of the actual delineation of what can be a comment on a post vs. what should be a meta question. – רבות מחשבות Jan 2 '18 at 18:58
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    @DonielF I argued (and the community clearly agreed by reopening it) that this fell outside the regular riddle parameters, as you can read in the comments above. – רבות מחשבות Jul 5 '18 at 3:33

There may be a M.Y. answer on this one - a hunch.

Two that occur to me offhand are:

The bracha for lighting candles before Yom Kippur .להדליק נר של יום הכפורים

ברכת האלנות - The bracha upon seeing fruits bloom on a fruity tree may be said only once yearly. I'll add in halachic source, later.

I got these from a yeshivanews.com page:

על ביעור חמץ upon inspecting for chametz.

נחם ציון ובונה ירושלים said on Tish'a B'Av

(Thanks to DoubleAA for the help on these two:)

It is possible to say the bracha for Eruv Tavshilin just once per year, such as this year (5779) when 7th day of Pesach is on Friday, in Diaspora.

In Israel, it could occur either when 7th day of Pesach is on Friday or the 1st day of Shavuot is on Friday, or the 1st day Rosh Hashannah is on Thursday.

It is possible to say המבדיל בן קודש לקודש once per year, also. This occurs only in Israel when either the 1st day of Pesach is on Sunday or the 1st day of Shavuot is on Sunday.

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    Not everyone says a blessing when lighting candles for Yom Kippur. Also arguably if you move to Australia from Canada in August you could say the blessing on blossoming trees twice in the same year. – Double AA Jan 2 '18 at 17:25
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    @רבותמחשבות See SA OC 610:2. יש מי שאומר שמברך על הדלקת נר יו״כ. Bear in mind that lighting candles for YK is dependent on minhag hamakom. – Joel K Jan 2 '18 at 19:35
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    What about the final bracha on the haftara of Yom Kippur morning? – Joel K Jan 2 '18 at 20:23
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    @DanF It is said once a year even though multiple times during that day. – sabbahillel Jan 2 '18 at 23:58
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    It depends how you define a bracha. The end (from baruch ata Hashem) may be the same as in the amidah, but the beginning (al hatorah etc) is certainly different – Joel K Jan 3 '18 at 5:03

R. Yosef Qafih (Note 34 to Chapter 10 of Hilchos Berachos) understood R. Saadia Gaon to be of the opinion that the Blessing of the Sun is recited once per year.

ונראה כי לפני רס"ג היה רק עד עושה בראשית ומן ואימת הוי עד הסוף לא היה ולפיכך כתב בסדורו עמ' צ ועל השמש ביום תקופת תמוז יברך עושה בראשית וברור כי הכוונה בכל שנה ושנה וכך האמור בברייתא לבנה בגבורתה הכוונה בהתחדשה והיא ברכת הירח שבכל חדש

  • As usual, fantastic answer! +1. – רבות מחשבות Feb 6 '18 at 4:12
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    The blessing is said multiple times a year. This one stimulus for it only happens once a year, but so what? This would be like answering that Lihadlik Ner Shel Yom Tov for Shavuot is only said once a year even though it's also said on other occasions. – Double AA Feb 6 '18 at 16:37
  • @DoubleAA Now that you make that point, I agree. I hadn't noticed that when I originally read it, only later. I'm not sure I would remove it as an answer, but I would remove my upvote for this answer if I could (it's locked for me since it hasn't been edited). – רבות מחשבות Feb 6 '18 at 17:09
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    @רבותמחשבות Was the question asking what texts can only be recited once per year, or what beracha-inducing-phenomena can only occur once per year? – Alex Feb 6 '18 at 17:46
  • @Alex The question says "Berachos/blessings that are recited a maximum of once per year". I still appreciate your research, though. – רבות מחשבות Feb 6 '18 at 17:50

There is an obligation to donate a half shekel once per year:

Rambam Hilchot Shekalim Introduction & 1:1

מצות עשה אחת והיא ליתן כל איש מחצית השקל בכל שנה וביאור מצוה זו בפרקים אלו

מצות עשה מן התורה ליתן כל איש מישראל מחצית השקל בכל שנה ושנה אפילו עני המתפרנס מן הצדקה חייב ושואל מאחרים או מוכר כסות שעל כתיפו ונותן מחצית השקל כסף שנאמר העשיר לא ירבה והדל לא ימעיט וגו' ואינו נותנו בפעמים רבות היום מעט ולמחר מעט אלא נותנו כולו כאחת בפעם אחת

It contains one positive commandment: [The obligation] that every man give a half-shekel [to the Temple treasury] every year. This mitzvah is explained in the [following] chapters.

It is a positive commandment from the Torah that every adult Jewish male give a half-shekel each and every year. Even a poor man who derives his livelihood from charity is obligated [to make this donation]. He should borrow from others or sell the clothes he is wearing so that he can give a half-shekel of silver, as [Exodus 30:15] states: "The rich shall not give more, nor should the poor give less."

[The half-shekel] should not be given in several partial payments - today a portion, tomorrow a portion. Instead, it is to be given all at once. (Chabad.org)

R. Yehuda Ben Yakar writes that a beracha is made on this mitzvah:

Peirush Hatefilot V'Haberachot Vol. II p. 73

ונראה כמו כן בזמן שהיה בית המקדש קיים והיו נותנין מחצית השקל היו מברכין אקב"ו לתת מחצית השקל


If you live in Eretz Yisrael, all of the brachos unique to the Seder (i.e. אשר גאלנו at the end of Maggid, על אכילת מצה, and על אכילת מרור) are only said once a year.

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    Depending on time and place shofar and lulav would be the same. – Alex Apr 30 '19 at 2:36
  • @Alex In what case is the bracha on lulav only made once a year? While Shofar could be made once a year if RH falls out on Shabbos, the OP wanted brachos which can never be made more than once per year. – DonielF Apr 30 '19 at 15:55
  • According to Torah law both shofar and lulav (in most places) are only for one day. Thus, if you live before any takanos were made ("Depending on time and place") you would only make a berachah once a year. – Alex Apr 30 '19 at 16:00

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