1

Is there any heter to use hot water on shabbos - for say washing dishes, or for bathing children (not addressing issues of drying hair etc)? Does leaving a faucet of hot water running before shabbos help in any way? If, so, how?

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There are at least 2 aspects involved:

  1. How to get hold of hot water on Shabbat without desecrating the Shabbat. This is a technical question.

    • You could leave the tap on, assuming the water remains how for hours on end.
    • You could invest in a Shabbat-hot-water system whereby no cold water enters the system on Shabbat, for example.
  2. What can you do with hot water on Shabbat?

    • You could use it to cook items that won't have a Bishul issue.
    • You could use it to wash dishes assuming you need them again on Shabbat and you don;t have a Bishul issue (like washing off fresh lettuce in boiling water, which may possibly cook it.)
    • You could use it to wash, but only less than half your body, as documented in the Kitzur Shulchan Aruch at 86:1 סימן פו - דין רחיצה

אָסוּר לִרְחוֹץ כָּל גּוּפוֹ אוֹ אֲפִלּוּ רֹב גּוּפוֹ בְּמַיִם חַמִּים, אֲפִלּוּ הוּחֲמוּ בְּעֶרֶב שַׁבָּת. וַאֲפִלּוּ לִרְחוֹץ שֶׁלֹּא בְּפַעַם אַחַת, אֶלָּא אֵבֶר אֵבֶר, אָסוּר בְּרֹב גּוּפוֹ. וַאֲפִלּוּ לִכָּנֵס לַמֶּרְחָץ רַק לְהַזִּיעַ, גַּם כֵּן אָסוּר. אֲבָל מֻתָּר לִרְחוֹץ פָּנָיו יָדָיו וְרַגְלָיו בְּחַמִּין שֶׁהוּחֲמוּ בְּעֶרֶב שַׁבָּת‏

  • So assuming one left a faucet open - one would not be able to adjust that faucet nor open any other faucet, is that correct? I’ve heard of people allowing water to trickle the whole Shabbat from an open faucet - what does this accomplish? – Draizy-Levi Pine Dec 24 '17 at 12:14
  • So assuming one left a faucet open - one would not be able to adjust that faucet nor open any other faucet, is that correct? - Correct, if you have a standard "water heater" system. – Danny Schoemann Dec 24 '17 at 12:15
  • Are there other options besides - standard? If so, what are they? Why do people let the water run then, is it a misconception? – Draizy-Levi Pine Dec 24 '17 at 12:17
  • _ I’ve heard of people allowing water to trickle the whole Shabbat from an open faucet - what does this accomplish?_ Never heard of this. Possibly they have a heating element that turns on when the tap is turned on, so this prevents them from accidentally turning on the heating element? (Or the gas fire, as the case may be). But it doesn't solve that more cold water enters the system should they open the hot tap. Not a clue. – Danny Schoemann Dec 24 '17 at 12:18
  • Are there other options besides - standard? Yes - in Israel you can get systems that don't allow new water to enter the system on Shabbat. That and a Rabbi (as I probably don't recall all the details) will allow one to open the hot tap on Shabbat. – Danny Schoemann Dec 24 '17 at 12:21

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