A nursing home in an out of town community, for example, may not get 10 men each shabbos for laining. It is clear from Shulchan Aruch (143:1) that you need 10 men, and I have yet to see other authorities who are lenient in a less than ideal situation.

Has anyone heard of a source that may allow laining with less than 10, as an emergency situation?

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    b'dieved means after the fact - if you want to plan ahead to have less than 10 men, it cannot mean b'dieved. That would be if you discovered, after the fact, that one of the 10 men is not Jewish, and asked if the laining was still valid.
    – mbloch
    Commented Dec 24, 2017 at 3:49
  • Reading the Torah is an obligation on a tzibbur; not individuals. Without a minyan, the obligation doesn't even start.
    – mevaqesh
    Commented Dec 24, 2017 at 3:54
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    And welcome to MiYodeya Yaakov. Hope to see you around!
    – mbloch
    Commented Dec 24, 2017 at 4:25
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    Why is this voted as practical psak? I see nothing in the question that indicates that this is a practical question. However, if it is, I recommend that you see the faq page explaining why such questions are discouraged.
    – DonielF
    Commented Dec 24, 2017 at 4:43
  • I recall hearing something about 9 men and a boy holding a sefer torah (or even 9 men and a sefer torah?) Or, like the shul in Chevron, just invite Avraham Avinu.
    – rosends
    Commented Dec 24, 2017 at 14:22

1 Answer 1


Megila 23b says that Kriyas HaTorah requires a Minyan. Meiri explains since we say Borchu and Borchu can only be recited with a Minyan.

Levush says that since Kriyas HaTorah is a Davar Shebekedusha דבר שבקדושה it requires a Minyan as the Posuk says ונקדשתי בתוך בני ישראל.

Rambam Tefila 12:3 says a Minyan is required for Kriyas HaTorah.

Yerushalmi Megila 4:4 says a Minyan is required to start Kriyas HaTorah. However if it began and people left it may continue even if there is less than a Minyan remaining.

Thanks to הלכה - דיני קריאת התורה from Rabbi Naftali Hoffner for the sources in this answer.

It seems like the consensus is that Kriyas HaTorah requires a Minyan.

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