2

is it true that the wife has priority in separating challah (as it seems from Jewish articles:

chabad.org

While both men and women are obligated in these fundamental mitzvot, the Jewish woman has been given precedence and carries the authority in ensuring their proper fulfillment

Aish.com

Today too, women are given precedence in performing this mitzvah)?

if yes, what is the source for this?

form Y"D 328.3 it seems the priority goes to the owner of dough (which seems in most cases to be the husband)

1

Since they were the ones taking care of the needs of the house, there were certain tasks that fell under their care.

See the mishna in Shabbos Chapter 2:

עַל שָׁלשׁ עֲבֵרוֹת נָשִׁים מֵתוֹת בִּשְׁעַת לֵדָתָן, עַל שֶׁאֵינָן זְהִירוֹת בַּנִּדָּה וּבַחַלָּה וּבְהַדְלָקַת הַנֵּר:

Women die in childbirth for three transgressions: If they are not careful with [the laws] of menstruation; and if they are not careful [to separate some] dough [when baking to give to the priest]; and if they are not careful with the lighting of the [Shabbat] lamp.

Bartenura explains:

Regarding Challah and lighting Shabbat candles-Because these are among the needs of a household, and she is found at home, and therefore she is bound to them.

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  • +1 but your sources seem to be regarding not doing it, but maybe this is only in a case when the husband asked her to do it, how do we know she has precedence? (by candles we know shulchan aruch harav 263.5 chabad.org/3447046/#footnoteRef27a3447046 ) – hazoriz Dec 10 '17 at 4:53
  • sefaria.org/Mishnah_Shabbat.2.7?with=all&lang=bi From the very next mishna we see that the the husband reminds her about these duties to make sure she did them. He doesn't come home and do them himself. – user6591 Dec 10 '17 at 4:57
  • is this you hidush or there are respected sources saying so? – hazoriz Dec 10 '17 at 4:58
  • I'm not sure why you are calling this a chidush on my part. I see a Bartenura which I guess we can call a chidush, but it seems logical. It seems to be along the lines mitzvah haba liyadcha, and mitzvah hamutal alav etc. – user6591 Dec 10 '17 at 5:01
  • why by candles it is explained clearly (my source above (footnote 28 there says the obligation is the husbands but because of specific reasons preference is given do the wife) but by challah not so , I did not see a source that preference is given to her – hazoriz Dec 10 '17 at 5:08

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