Specifically for the mitzvah of כבוד לחכמים, what is the punishment a person is given? I'm looking mainly for the divine punishment, but if human punishment applies I'd like that too.

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    Welcome to MiYodeya and thanks for this first question. Please consider registering your account, to enable more site features, including voting. Hope to see you around ! – mbloch Dec 7 '17 at 13:43
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    Do you mean a divine punishment, or one meted out by man? – mevaqesh Dec 7 '17 at 14:26
  • Divine punishment I assume but if both apply it would be helpful to know both. – user14802 Dec 7 '17 at 15:25
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    Does not showing respect include actively denigrating? Or is this just asking about the lack of showing positive respect even without actively denigrating? – Double AA Dec 7 '17 at 15:30
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    According to one view in Sanhedrin (99b), one who denigrates a Torah scholar is considered an epikoros; a heretic. In this vein, Rambam writes in Hilkhot Teshuva (3:14), that such a person has no share in the world to come. He clarifies that this refers to one who does so frequently. See also Massekhet Kallah (ch. 3) that implies that this applies to speaking disrespectfully. Additionally, Rambam writes in Hilkhot Talmud Torah (6:11) that it is a great sin to hate the Sages or to degrade them, and that Jerusalem was destroyed when people shamed Torah scholars. – mevaqesh Dec 7 '17 at 16:32

Based on the story of "shviskel" near the beginning of the forth chapter of mesechet Kedushin we see that both excommunication (nidui) and flogging are appropriate punishments for disrespect to rabbis and their emissaries. This is by human hands. (although nidui might involve heavenly punishment)

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    The relevant story is 70a-b. The short version is that Rav Yehudah bar Yechezkel excommunicated a person who derogatorily referred to him as Rav Yehudah bar Sheviskel (“the glutton” - see Rashi). It’s a fascinating story that you should read (probably one of my favorite stories in the Gemara), but that beginning part (or, more directly, the portion on 70b where this ruling is upheld) is the only relevant piece to this discussion. Nevertheless, I must question this: Was nidui actually the appropriate punishment, or did Rav Yehudah merely punish him this way to prove a point? – DonielF Dec 17 '17 at 23:12
  • Indeed rashi calls it a knas – Naftali Tzvi Dec 17 '17 at 23:16

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