The pasuk in Bereishis 29:11 says:

וַיִּשַּׁ֥ק יַעֲקֹ֖ב לְרָחֵ֑ל וַיִּשָּׂ֥א אֶת־קֹל֖וֹ וַיֵּֽבְךְּ׃ Then Jacob kissed Rachel, and broke into tears.

Rashi says on that pasuk:

...Another explanation is: he wept because he came with empty hands. He thought: Eliezer, my grandfather’s servant, had with him rings, bracelets and all good things, whilst I have nothing with me (Genesis Rabbah 70:12). This was because Eliphaz Esau’s son pursued Jacob by his father’s order to kill him, and overtook him. But because Eliphaz had been brought up on Isaac’s lap, (cp. Deuteronomy Rabbah 2:13) he withheld his hand. He said to him (Jacob), “But what shall I do as regards my father’s order?” Jacob replied, “Take all I have and you can say that I am dead for a poor man may be accounted as dead" (Nedarim 64b).

Assuming that Yaakov and Eliphaz's plan succeeded, Eisav would have been under the impression that Yaakov was dead. The Torah in Perek 32 speaks of Yaakov sending messengers to inform Eisav that he is moving to Canaan.

Did Eisav know that Yaakov was alive before the messengers were sent? If yes, when and how did Eisav find out that Yaakov was still alive?

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    Since the messengers returned and said that Eisav was coming with 400 men, some people have said (from memory) that Lavan let him know that Yaakov was on his way back. There is a possibility that Yitzchak and Rivkah knew that he was in the Yeshivah of Shem and Eiver, in which case Eisav might have treated him as dead to the world that he regarded as important. Probably Yitzchak and Rivkah were notified that he had married Rachel and Leah in the same way they knew that they had been born. Since I do not have sources, I am not making it an answer. – sabbahillel Dec 4 '17 at 13:26
  • The Sefer HaYahsar says that when Lavan got back from Gal Eid he told his son, Be'or and Avichoref the son of Anaf the son of Nachor to take 10 men and inform Eisav that Yaakov had treated Lavan very badly and was heading to Canaan. – Gavriel Dec 4 '17 at 15:12
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    I asked at shiur and was told that the Medrash Rabah says that Eliphaz told his father the full story and that Eisav accepted theAni kemais argument. Thus he knew all along that Yaakov was alive and with Laban. Lavan just let Eisav know when Yaakov left for Canaan – sabbahillel Dec 4 '17 at 16:06
  • @sabbahillel If you could find that, I'd be very happy... I did a search but nothing came up. – Gavriel Dec 5 '17 at 12:02

According to Rabbi David Pinto Elifaz told Eisav when he returned from the mission that he did not kill Yaakov and that he took his possessions instead.

יש להתבונן, מה עשה עשו כשחזר אליו אליפז ואמר לו – שלא מלא את מבוקשו במדויק, שלא הרג את יעקב, אלא רק לקח את כל כספו. האם עשו היה מרוצה מזה והסתפק בכך, או שעדיין רצה להרוג את יעקב. ונראה, שבאמת לא היה אכפת לעשו שלא הרג אליפז את יעקב, כי עיקר רצונו היה להפריע ליעקב ללמוד תורה ולעבוד את ה'. לכן כששמע עשו שאליפז לא הרג את יעקב, ורק לקח את כל כספו – זה לא הפריע לו, אלא אדרבה הוא שמח, כי חשב שכעת – כשאין ליעקב כסף, הוא לא יוכל ללמוד, ואז ודאי וברי שייפול ממדרגתו הרוחנית אצל לבן הרשע.

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    I was told at shiur that this is originally from the Medrash Rabba – sabbahillel Dec 4 '17 at 16:07

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