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I would like to ask why the Bnei Noah are not required to keep shabbat whereas the Shabbat has been holy since the first week of creation and has been given to humanity not only to AM Ysrael? In fact even in Mt Sinai : Hashem said "Zachor et Yom Hashabbat" (Remember the day of Shabbat) which means that it was not something new. And the second question is that the TORAH clearly stated that Noah knew the difference between clean and unclean animals. So why the Bnei Noah are not required to "eat" only the clean animals? Thanks a lot

marked as duplicate by DonielF, Gershon Gold, mevaqesh, mbloch, Danny Schoemann Nov 7 '17 at 11:56

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Rav Hirsch explains that the animals were shown to be the ones that Noachides were going to be offering on the altar to Hashem. I would consider this to be based on the Bnai Yisrael becoming a ממלכת כוהנים. Thus, the restrictions on Bnai Yisrael as compared to the rest of the world are analogous to the restrictions on the kohanim with respect to the rest of Bnai Yisrael. This analogy would also apply to the Shabbat. Kedushah (holiness) is the separation and restriction required of the kohanim. Just as the kohanim are separated from the remainder of Bnai Yisrael, so too are the Bnai Yisrael separated from the rest of mankind.

The point is that the animals with respect to Bnai Noach are such that the animals, when they were offered on the altar, could not be eaten. The Bnai Noach were allowed to eat any animal that had not been brought on the altar. Only certain animals were allowed on the altar, though they could be eaten if they had not been brought. Bnai Yisrael on receiving the Torah at Sinai, were raised in kedushah (holiness), so that they were only allowed to eat animals that were permitted to be brought on the altar. Animals that were actually brought on the altar were restricted even further.

Animals that Bnai Yisrael bring on the altar are restricted even more than other animals so that certain offerings may be eaten only by kohanim, and certain others only under specific circumstances by those who brought them (Korbon Pesach and other Shelamim as examples).

Note that Hashem did restrict the eating of flesh to an extent so as to show that it is only by the permission of Hashem Noach 9:3-4. Rav Hirsch explains this as well.

Rav Hirsch explains in [Noach 7:2}(http://www.chabad.org/library/bible_cdo/aid/8170#v=2&showrashi=true)

Of all the clean animals you shall take for yourself seven pairs, a male and its mate, and of the animals that are not clean, two, a male and its mate.

Although at that time animal flesh was not an object of human consumption and the difference between "pure" and "impure" animals was only made later by the laws given on Sinai, nevertheless already here Hashem designates animals to Noah by the characteristic of being "pure". So that there must, already then, have been some occasion for making this distinction, and this occasion was offerings, for Noachides also were not allowed - and are not allowed - to bring other than pure animals as sacrifieces. (Zevachim 115a). So that it is only that which is fit for all men to offer, that Jews are allowed to eat. The Jewish table and the Noachian altar stand at the same level. The choice of animals for both must accordingly have the same motive.

  • Thanks a lot for your comments. However I really doubt that Noah ate impure animal. In fact in his comments to the Parashat Noach, Rashi already said that Noach followed the TORAH. So it is not only an image of Bnei Ysrael becoming mamlekhet cohanym , it is something that even the Bnei Noach should follow. I am pretty sure Noach kept the shabbat. and Shabbat was made since the dawn of time. So why the bnei Noach are not required to keep shabbat? – Ephraim Levy Nov 6 '17 at 15:00
  • @EphraimLevy in the case of Noach, Rav Hirsch says he learned the Torah in order to know which animals were tahor but the restrictions to eat only animals suitable for the altar were left to the priesthood. Thus perhaps Noach, Shem (Malkitzedek) did so like Abraham, but it was only the kohanim that would be so restricted. – sabbahillel Nov 6 '17 at 15:14
  • Many thanks, But the animal tahor are also fit for eating, because the Cohanym "eat" them. And in the torah not only the cohanym follow the kashrut but every Bnei Israel. – Ephraim Levy Nov 6 '17 at 16:13
  • @EphraimLevy The point is that the animals with respect to Bnai Noach are such that the animals, when they were offered on the altar, could not be eaten. The Bnai Noach were allowed to eat any animal that had not been brought on the altar. Only certain animals were allowed on the altar, though they could be eaten if they had not been brought. Bnai Yisrael on receiving the Torah at Sinai, were raised in kedushah (holiness), so that they were only allowed to eat animals that were permitted to be brought on the altar. Animals that were actually brought on the altar were restricted even further. – sabbahillel Nov 6 '17 at 17:04
  • @sabahillel Thanks a lot for your answer my friend. And for the Shabbat? it was given to humanity not only Bnei Ysrael? And also for marriage: the first mitzvah is to get married and have children because it was a mitzvah given to adam harishon . So why the Bnei Noach are not obliged to do it? – Ephraim Levy Nov 7 '17 at 8:08

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