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With my limited understanding of dikduk I don't know what the significance of the ־ symbol is. Maybe it indicates that two word should be read together? I know grammatically it turns an אֵ֖ת to an אֶת. With that introduction, I'm curious about an inconsistency I noticed.

When Hashem promised Avraham a land for his descendants, He says (Bereishis 15:19-21)

אֶת־הַקֵּינִי֙ וְאֶת־הַקְּנִזִּ֔י וְאֵ֖ת הַקַּדְמֹנִֽי׃

the Kenites, the Kenizzites, the Kadmonites,

וְאֶת־הַחִתִּ֥י וְאֶת־הַפְּרִזִּ֖י וְאֶת־הָרְפָאִֽים׃

the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Rephaim,

וְאֶת־הָֽאֱמֹרִי֙ וְאֶת־הַֽכְּנַעֲנִ֔י וְאֶת־הַגִּרְגָּשִׁ֖י וְאֶת־הַיְבוּסִֽי׃ (ס)

the Amorites, the Canaanites, the Girgashites, and the Jebusites.”

Only the Kadmonites are lacking a ־ symbol (thus making it וְאֵ֖ת). Are there any meforshim that explain why they were singled out?

  • 1
    It's almost certainly just based on the length of the word. – Double AA Oct 30 '17 at 3:19
  • @DoubleAA what do you mean by length. קדמני and רפאים seem to be the same. – robev Oct 30 '17 at 3:21
  • No, רפאים is only two syllables (or 2.5 if you count the Shva Na). גרגשי is indeed also a full three, but it's not on a Sof Pasuk. – Double AA Oct 30 '17 at 3:22
  • The 'hyphen' is called a Makkaf en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hebrew_punctuation#Hyphen_and_maqaf It basically means that for the purposes of singing, treat these words as one. – Double AA Oct 30 '17 at 3:25
  • It's the same for Betuel who doesn't have such a long name. @DoubleAA – Heshy Oct 30 '17 at 10:44

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