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Edited -- Thank you all for the helpful comments.

Can an avowed non-Jewish atheist pour my non-mevushal wine for me? Can I share a bottle of wine with him/her?

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    What makes you think that only a worshipper of avoda Zara would mess up your wine? Perhaps it's any gentile – Double AA Aug 24 '17 at 21:11
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    Question is unclear. Is your question focused on the definition of Avodah zarah or who will mess up your wine? Please edit, accordingly. – DanF Aug 24 '17 at 21:36
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    @DoubleAA - It is indeed any Gentile, not just a worshipper of avodah zarah. See my question about wine made/handled by a Ben Noach: judaism.stackexchange.com/questions/81290/… – ezra Aug 24 '17 at 21:38
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    Note the difference between yayin nesech (wine from which an idolotrous libation was poured) and stam yainam which forbids any wine moved by a nonJew. Since an atheist is even more foolish than an idol worshiper (in that he does not believe in any god), he would not pour a libation. – sabbahillel Aug 24 '17 at 21:40
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Shulchan Aruch YD 124:6 states that any non-Jew, even if they do not serve Avodah Zarah, makes any non-Mevushal wine that they produce, touch (and pour) prohibited to drink, although not prohibited to benefit from:

כל עובד כוכבים שאינו עובד עבודת כוכבים, יינו אסור בשתיה ומותר בהנאה; ומגען ביין שלנו, שוה ליינם, שאסור בשתייה.

The Taz explains that this is due to the Issur of Benoseihem, namely, an issur due to being "friendly" with a non-Jews, in that it may lead to intermarriage.

Therefore, you may not have an atheist pour you non-Mevushal wine.

The same Pesak is given in this article. Many Poskim apply this logic to Muslims as well, since they do not serve Avodah Zarah, See Shu"t Yabia Omer 7:YD:12.

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