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I recall a gemarah (possibly Yerushalmi Taanit?) wherein Rebbi Akiva is quoted as proclaiming that Shimon bar Kosiba was the king Moshiach. I further understand that this statement could be one of belief as opposed to halacha or fact. I would like to know if there is any restriction for someone to publicly proclaim whether as belief or fact, that another person is the messiah.

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    Try not to be wrong
    – Double AA
    Commented Jul 12, 2017 at 13:53
  • Why should it be different than proclaiming anything else?
    – Loewian
    Commented Jul 12, 2017 at 14:18
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    you'd face opposition from the (presumably majority) naysayers who disagreed with your assessment, but there's no proscribed repercussions for making such a declaration provided that upon proof of being wrong you recant, otherwise, you might be liable for a number of possible sins, such as lo tisgodedu... Commented Jul 12, 2017 at 16:24
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    There evidently was plenty of opposition to R Akiva's proclamation even at that time - "Grass will be growing in your cheeks, etc"....
    – Gary
    Commented Jul 15, 2017 at 18:19

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The Reason that the Rambam writes laws about it is in order to know who Moshiach is during the time of exile (since after MOSHIACH comes it will be obvious who he is)

To answer your question simply- if he fits the Rambams Specifications Then yes you could say he is chezkas Moshiach

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    Welcome to MY. Since MY is different from other sites you might be used to, see here for a guide which might help understand the site. Hope to see you around!
    – mbloch
    Commented Jan 25, 2018 at 9:05
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    You should give the details as to what the Rambam says and where. Commented Jan 25, 2018 at 11:01
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    Welcome to MY! Would you mind editing the Rambam’s discussion from Melachim 12 that you quote into this post, for future readers’ reference? Thanks, and hope to see you around!
    – DonielF
    Commented Jan 25, 2018 at 17:21

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