Do modern Jews believe in a priesthood after the order of Melchisedec? Is there anything taught about it? From the Christian book of Hebrews 7:11:
...what further need was there that another priest should rise after the order of Melchisedec...
It appears that Paul is speaking about a concept that was familiar to Jews at the time. Was there a Judaic group of priests "after the order of Melchisedec?" Or was Paul introducing a Christian concept the ancient Jews would not have recognized from their own tradition?
Edit: I would like to extend my profound thanks and gratitude for everyone's patience and efforts to address my question. I knew it would create some discomfort, but hoped the discussion would prevail as I have at no time meant to dishonor or disparage Judiasm in any way. It should come to no surprise that I am Christian, and in my own studies I intentionally force myself to step back and try to see a larger picture than the one bequethed to me by my parents. The links to references (even the words you have used) have provided me a rich trove of knowledge through which I may continue my studies. A mere scratch on the surface to you, I am sure, but an entire landscape to study for me.