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Lubavitchers generally do not wear the tallit katan over the shirt like other Chasidim. Is this because there is some halacha about it, or kabbalistic preference, or is it simply because the Rebbe did so like other if not most Lubavitch levush minhagim.

  • There is no such thing as Lubavitch levush minhagim. Everyone who came to chabad continued to wear whatever they wore beforehand. Only in America when the late Lubavitcher Rebbe took over did they all suddenly feel the need to imitate whatever the Rebbe did, (at least) specifically about Levush. – Ploni Jun 23 '17 at 3:36
  • Also note that the Rebbe prefaced the talk quoted by Shmuel Brin below (I don't think it made it to the printed version though) by saying that this is not meant to take away from those (among chabad) who wear their tzitzis on top of their shirts, but only to explain the minhag of those (himself included) who wore it underneath his shirt. – Ploni Jun 23 '17 at 3:36
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The Shulchan Aruch (Orach Chaim 8:11) writes:

עיקר מצוַת טלית קטן ללובשו על בגדיו, כדי שתמיד יראהו ויזכור המצוות

The main Mitzvah of Tzitzis is to wear it on one's garments, so one would see them and remember the commandments.

But the Magen Avraham writes in s"k 11:

ובכתבים, דטלית קטן דווקא תחת בגדיו, עיין שם In the writings (the Pri Eitz Chaim) it says that the garment should be specifically under the garment, see there for the reason.

The Lubavitcher Rebbe (in Likkutei Sichos v. 33 parshas Shlach) wrote that according to Kabbalah, both the garment and the strings should be concealed.

The Alter Rebbe wrote in the Shulchan Aruch HaRav 8:18-8:19

יח וכיון שטעם לבישת הציצית הוא כדי לזכור המצות לפיכך הלובש טלית קטן יזהר ללובשו על בגדיו כדי שתמיד יראהו ויזכור המצות ואותן הלובשים אותו תחת הבגדים יזהרו שילבשו אותו באופן שיראו הציצית תמיד שע"י ראייתן יזכרו המצות תמיד:

יט צריך שיהיו הציצית מבחוץ שנאמר וראיתם אותו ודלא כאותן שתוחבין אותן בהכנפות ובשעת הדחק כגון שהולך בין העכו"ם וחושש שלא ילעיגו עליו יכול לתחבם בהכנפות. אך בשעת הברכה יהיו מגולין לפחות כדי הילוך ד' אמות:

  1. Since the reason for wearing Tzitzis is to remember the commandments, therefore one who wears a Tzitzis should be careful to wear it over his garments, so that one will always see them and remember the commandments. And those that wear them under their garments should wear them in such a way that he'll see his Tzitzis constantly and he'll constantly remember the commandments.

  2. One has to be careful to wear his Tzitzis outside, as it says ""And you will see them", and not like those who tuck them in. And if one has no choice, such as if one walks among the non-Jews who he suspects will make fun of him, he can tuck them in.

But since the Shaar Hakollel writes in the name of Reb Hillel of Paritch that the Rabbi Shneur Zalman of Liadi said that whenever there's an argument between the Mekubalim and the Poskim, one should follow the Mekubalim. So, in contrast to his ruling in his Shulchan Aruch, he would agree that one should wear theme under his garments.

So why not wear the strings under the garments (and go fully Kabbalistic) ?

The Lubavitcher Rebbe answered that it could be that there are two ways to look at the commandment to wear Tzitzis.

  1. One has to wear strings on his four-cornered garment. And it helps one remember the commandments.
  2. One has to wear strings on his four-cornered garment in order to help one remember the commandments.

The Shulchan Aruch (both the original and the Shulchan Aruch HaRav) follows the second way, so if one wears Tzitzis in a hidden way, he doesn't (or is close to not) fulfilling the Miztvah of Tzitzis, while the Arizal follows the first approach.

So again, why not wear them under the garment?

Because, as the Lubavitcher Rebbe answered, the Arizal never said that people shouldn't wear Tzitzis under the garment. It's just that he wore Tzitzis under his garment.

The reason is that the Arizal didn't need the simple reminder of Tzitzis (he wouldn't violate the Mitzvos anyways), so he was able to wear it under his garment (because he needed Tzitzis to remind him of the inner dimension of Mitzvos), while the rest of us, who are liable to outright sin, have to wear it above their garments.

So why don't we follow the Shulchan Aruch and wear it above our garment?

As a reminder to us, about the lofty service of the Arizal and the likes.

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    "that whenever there's an argument between the Mekubalim and the Poskim, one should follow the Mekubalim" Isn't it usually the opposite? That Kabbalah can't contradict Halakha? – Double AA Jun 23 '17 at 2:05
  • @DoubleAA That's what the Alter Rebbe wrote in his Shulchan Aruch. – Shmuel Brin Jun 23 '17 at 2:16
  • But the general idea (that Kabbalah argues on Halacha), see hebrewbooks.org/pagefeed/hebrewbooks_org_9729_21.pdf – Shmuel Brin Jun 23 '17 at 2:16
  • "So why don't we follow the Shulchan Aruch and wear it above our garment? As a reminder to us, about the lofty service of the Arizal and the likes." Is this part of the quote from the Lubavitcher Rebbe or your own thoughts? If it's the former, you should put it in a blockquote to indicate that. If the latter, then please source it. – Ploni Jun 23 '17 at 3:17

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