There is one place in the Talmud where Rabbi Akiva states that it is heretical to read from the "outside works"; this was understood by some to refer to the apocrypha. Yet he may have been referring to other books, possibly even some of the books that later become part of the Tanakh [Hebrew Bible] For more details consult the Encyclopedia Judaica's section on "Apocrypha".
In either reading, his view was not accepted as law, and many other sages of the Talmud and midrash felt free to read and discuss the works of the apocrypha, especially the Wisdom of Ben Sira [aka Ecclesiasticus] and Maccabees. Note that even one of Judaism's most beloved holidays, Chanukah, is based on the events described in I and II Maccabees. For some examples of rabbinic discussions of apocryphal works, see the following rabbinic sources:
Talmud Yerushalmi: Hagigah 2;1, 47C; Berakhot 7:2, 11b
Talmud Bavli: Hagigah 12b, 13a; Berakhot 48a; Shabbat 21b; Yevamot 63b, Ketubot 110b, Bava Batra 98b
Midrash: Genesis Rabbah 91:3,
Responsa of the Rishonim: Tosfot Eruvin 65b; Ritva Eruvin 65a; Rashba Eruvin 65a; Meiri Nidda 16b
Nahmanides quotes "The Wisdom of Solomon in the introduction to his commentary on the Torah. "The Wisdom of Solomon" is also cited in "Livnat HaSapir", a Torah commentary attributed to David ben Judah HeHasid. The midrash collection "Pirkei de-Rabbi Eliezer" makes use of the apocrypha.