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For example if a shul had a children's program, a chazan who was only there on Shabbos, or a catering company who set up kiddush for the shul...

The fact that all these examples only take place during Shabbos, is it a problem that they be paid at another time since the earning of that money took place on Shabbos?

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As DanF stated in his comment, the common practice is to pay them for a service that included some non-Shabbos time, so we're not strictly paying for time on Shabbos. For instance:

Children's program: prepare posters or games before Shabbos, and use them on Shabbos.

Chazzan: prepare music before Shabbos and perform on Shabbos.

Caterer: often some of their setup will be done before Shabbos.

Babysitter: if you need one Friday night, it's best to ask him/her to arrive a few minutes before Shabbos, so that way you're paying for non-Shabbos time too. Similarly if you need one for late Saturday afternoon, have them stay until Havdalah, so they babysat on non-Shabbos as well.

  • Re caterer - Perhaps, even the food cooking itself may suffice, as you are paying them for that, as well. In other words, I don't think it requires any physical set-up in the place, itself. As a matter of fact, in many places, tables & chairs are set up on Shabbat, itself, and food is delivered (carried within an eruv, of course) on Shabbat. – DanF Jun 14 '17 at 13:12
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    As always, citing sources for your claims would improve your answer. – msh210 Jun 17 '17 at 18:33
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  • reminder to edit in sources – רבות מחשבות Jul 9 '18 at 15:00

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