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If a father does not arrange pidyon haben for his firstborn son, what happens? Is the son by default given to service of the Kohanim? Is it the duty of the son to become a rabbi?

marked as duplicate by mevaqesh, DonielF, Danny Schoemann, sabbahillel, Gershon Gold halacha May 14 '17 at 19:36

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If the father neglects to do it the son redeems himself at his first opportunity. (Shulchan Arukh YD 305:15)

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It's possible that the local rabbinic authority is responsible to arrange for the Pidyon Haben if the father doesn't do it (Be'er Heitev on YD 305:15). If not, the son should do it himself when he reaches Bar Mitzvah (Pitchei Teshuva, ad loc. "עיין בת׳ זכרון יוסף שכתב דהיינו שיהיה בן י״ג שנה דוקא.")

The way I understand it, because this obligation carries on to the child, there's no possibility of anyone being actually given over to the Cohen. Or maybe it's the other way around...

  • Thanks for your insight. As it stands, this answer may get deleted as it lacks sources for the second sentence in the first paragraph and the entirety of the second. Feel free to edit to fix this. Easy mistake to make when you're new; enjoy your stay! – DonielF May 14 '17 at 18:02
  • @DonielF The first paragraph is a sourced answer. – Shmuel Brin May 14 '17 at 18:04
  • @ShmuelBrin I said second sentence, that the son should do it himself. – DonielF May 14 '17 at 18:05
  • @DonielF DoubleAA sourced that. – Shmuel Brin May 14 '17 at 18:29
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    @ShmuelBrin Another answer doesn't improve the quality of this one. – DonielF May 14 '17 at 18:30

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