I see Kitsur Shulchan aruch 29.4,13 Regarding anger and hatred.

What is the difference?
Is anger the expression of hatred?
Sources please.

  • @mevaqesh just for you כעס and שנא
    – hazoriz
    Dec 27, 2016 at 7:31
  • 1
    consider quoting the original text. The English words 'anger' and 'hatred' are not halakhic terms, so there is no reason to assume that they have exact meanings. | I wouldn't assume that their Hebrew counterparts have rigid specific definitions either. | Why do you assume that hatred and anger are basically synonymous? | Why mention the Kitzur in particular? Why not just ask what the respective Biblical words mean? You might even be able to pass it off as a non Hebrew question...
    – mevaqesh
    Dec 27, 2016 at 7:36
  • @mevaqesh you also have it in rambam De'ot 1.4 2.3 6.5,6,9
    – hazoriz
    Dec 27, 2016 at 7:39
  • I know. Rambam forms the basis for that part of the Kitzur. That makes your question even more confusing to me. Is it a question about the Kitzur? About Rambam? About the definition of particular biblical words in their original context? In some later context? A question about an idea irrespective of what different words mean? Something else?
    – mevaqesh
    Dec 27, 2016 at 7:41
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    I don't not understand why you seem to understand that they are equivalent. כעס is a loss of control as explained the Rambam you cited in deot 2, 3. שנאה is often something without expression as the Rambam 6, 5 said about the prohibited hatred
    – kouty
    Dec 27, 2016 at 12:10

1 Answer 1


They both arise from the same branch, namely arrogance.

in Shaarei Kedusha part 1 gate 2:

The foundation of Fire - from it is drawn arrogance which is called "Gasut HaRuach" - in being the lightest and highest of all the foundations. And included in it is anger, since it is because of arrogance that a man becomes angry when "his will is not being done". And if he were a "shefal ruach" (lowly of spirit), and he recognized his lacking, he would not at all become angry. It comes out that anger and arrogance are one trait. And their derivatives are 3: kapdanus (being irritable) in his heart. Because without the arrogance, he would not be irritable in his heart, similar to what we explained for anger. Seeking power and honor to show off to others. Hatred of others because they are greater than him. And this is also a branch of arrogance. (Translation my own).

  • +1 is this not regarding a sposific hatred (" of others because they are greater than him"), in my sources it is regarding hatred even when someone lower then you herts you
    – hazoriz
    Dec 27, 2016 at 21:59
  • @hazoriz that is by far the most common form. you dont generally find hatred of those lower
    – ray
    Dec 27, 2016 at 22:06

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