If a minyan of children (no adults) are praying, can they recite Kaddish and Kedusha?

At first glance, each child "pretends" to be an adult (well, any praying they do is in preparation of adulthood), so they can make a minyan. Or perhaps not.

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    If a minyan requires ten men over 13, why do you think that, lacking this, a davar shebikedusha can be said? I don't understand the premise. – rosends Nov 8 '16 at 10:36
  • @Danno, are kadish and k'dusha said by minors d'varim shebikdusha? – msh210 Nov 8 '16 at 11:29
  • @msh210 I don't understand the question. I was under the impression that the status of davar shebkdusha was based on the text, not on who was saying it -- related judaism.stackexchange.com/a/36557/1362 – rosends Nov 8 '16 at 11:41
  • @msh210 Given that minors can recite the Haftara, it would seem yes and they need ten adult men too. – Double AA Nov 8 '16 at 12:49
  • @Danno, it's at least partially dependent on context (as opposed to purely on text) since k'dusha is the same text as k'dusha d'sidra and chasaras hashatz as the silent amida. – msh210 Nov 8 '16 at 13:43

In the Sefer called ילדים כהלכה it says that a Minyan of kids under bar Mitzva davening together may not say Kaddish, Kedusha or repeat the Amida. There is no Chinuch involved and they should daven as individuals.

י) מניין של קטנים - אין להניח לקטנים לארגן לבדם תפילה עם חזרה וקדיש וברכו וכו' ללא עשרה גדולים ואין בזה משום חינוך אלא יתפללו ללא חזרה וקדושה וקדיש . ‏

I guess he means that it's wrong Chinuch to teach kids that they can say Kadish and Kedusha without a minyan of adults.

Unfortunately, the online version of the Sefer does not bring primary sources, and I don't have a printed copy handy.

As Double AA pointed out, the אגרות משה - חלק ד in Orach Chaim 98 mentions 2 issues that would make a minyan of children forbidden:

Firstly he proves that it's a Torah prohibition to say Kedusha and Kaddish without a Minyan.

If that were the only problem he would allow it - theoretically - if the children did it of their own accord without any adult help. (I.e. there would be no obligation to stop them making their own Minyan without adult intervention.)

Secondly, he says that repeating the Amida would constitute saying Gcd's name in vain, since it's not a valid repetition.

This is serious enough that they would have to be stopped, even if they initiated the entire Minyan.



See SA OC 55, 1 For Kaddish we need 10 men 13 old and in Sa'if 4 9 + a child is discussed. When you say that ktanim, they need to learn not to count a child (further when they became gdolim). Similarly they don't make alone birkat chamets and remain outside of several mitsvot.

Zimun and Keddusha

To say Kedusha is excluded as you can see below because that in keddusha there is th name of G-d : See Shulchan Aruch Orach Chayim siman 199, 6:

נשים ועבדים וקטנים אין מזמנין עליהם אבל מזמנין לעצמן ולא תהא חבורה של נשים ועבדים וקטנים מזמנין יחד משום פריצותא דעבדים אלא נשים לעצמם ועבדים לעצמם ובלבד שלא יזמנו בשם

Women, slaves and minors (less than 13 years and one day)... they make zimun alone, groups of women alone, groups of slaves alone and groups of minors alone, if they will not pronounce the Name of G-d.


For Kaddish there is no Name of G-d but as soon in the first paragraph of the answer nothing is mentioned contrarily to Birkat Hamazon. For women I remember someone said me that the daughters of Rav Chisda did recit the Kaddish for him.

  • When you say that ktanim, they need to learn not to count a child This seems to assume that the requirement of Hinnukh requires all of the details of the mitsvah to be fulfilled as well. Many Rishonim dispute this notion. – mevaqesh Nov 8 '16 at 16:05
  • Shulchan aruch doesn't deal with a minyan on ketanim – Shmuel Nov 8 '16 at 17:39
  • @Shmuel Brin you ask for a Kaddish called Kaddish e. g. A child yatom yeracbem hashem can go to a.minyan of ktanim? Or as a game? – kouty Nov 8 '16 at 18:00
  • @kouty 10 children are davening together. Should they have a Chazaras HaShatz? Kedusha? Barchu? Chatzi Kadish? – Shmuel Nov 8 '16 at 21:19
  • I think that if that is the RAMA was in duty to explain why the katan yatom don't say Kaddish in a children minyan – kouty Nov 8 '16 at 21:25

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