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As far as I understand, many American Jews eat "cholov hacompanies" (=non-CY) because there is a very good heter for it from the Igros Moshe. However, R'Moshe's heter seems to apply only to dairy products manufactured inside the U.S., since it relies on properties of the oversight system that exist here, but not in other countries. (I, like the author in the link, have been told that even in first-world European countries, his hechsher does not apply.)

If that is true, should(n't) even people who eat Cholov Stam be careful about imported packaged foods? It may be that U.S. regulation only allows the import of foods that meet domestic standards, but I doubt it. And perhaps there are some countries from which the dairy would be acceptable--but surely not all. So why don't people seem worried about this issue in the least? Should they be?

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    How is this not a dupe of the question you linked to? If people eat Swiss chocolates, they must assume switzerland has good oversight too. If you want to know which countries it applies to, see that question. – Double AA Nov 4 '16 at 14:41
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    You might have been told that other countries are no good, but other answers there have more votes. Clearly other people have other positions. One even cites the london beit din! – Double AA Nov 4 '16 at 15:04
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    @SAH They all consider it. Some choose to accept RMF and some don't. No one is ignoring this clear and explicit Halakha. – Double AA Nov 4 '16 at 16:40
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    @SAH Sorry. I meant "RMF's reasoning". A foreign Hekhsher can also read his reasoning and decide it applies in their case too. Even in the US we need rabbis to read RMF's reasoning and decide it still applies in the US nowadays given the current government oversight policies. – Double AA Nov 4 '16 at 18:14
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    @SAH Hashgachot in Israel actually do account for maaser/terumah/etc. and fruit stores there do need Hashgachot (in some circumstances you can buy and tithe the produce on your own if there is no Hashgacha). – Double AA Nov 7 '16 at 19:04